Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)

Red Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut


Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of brilliant dark green leaves, each divided into 5 narrow leaflets. In mid to late spring, erect panicles, 6 in. long (15 cm), of rich red flowers appear above the foliage for a cheerful display. They are quite attractive to hummingbirds. The flowers give way to smooth brown capsules containing one or two lustrous dark brown seeds. Although deciduous, Red Buckeye does not produce any appreciable fall color. Low-branched and slow-growing, Red Buckeye is a lovely, small flowering tree for bringing a sparkle to the spring garden. To be used as a specimen tree, flowering screen or hedge.

  • Grows up to 12-15 ft. tall and wide (360-450 cm).
  • Thrives in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Prefers moist, fertile soils.
  • Keep an eye out for canker, coral spot, leaf spot and horse chestnut scale.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • All parts are mildly poisonous by ingestion
  • Native to North America

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Aesculus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Spread 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants Midwest, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Hickoryrose, Manuel M.V, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Aesculus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Spread 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants Midwest, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Clay Soil
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Aesculus

Guides with Aesculus

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