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Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)

Red Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut

Aesculus pavia, Red Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut, Red Flowers,
Aesculus pavia, Red Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut, Red Flowers,
Aesculus pavia, Red Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut, Red Flowers,

Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of brilliant dark green leaves, each divided into 5 narrow leaflets. In mid to late spring, erect panicles, 6 in. long (15 cm), of rich red flowers appear above the foliage for a cheerful display. They are quite attractive to hummingbirds. The flowers give way to smooth brown capsules containing one or two lustrous dark brown seeds. Although deciduous, Red Buckeye does not produce any appreciable fall color. Low-branched and slow-growing, Red Buckeye is a lovely, small flowering tree for bringing a sparkle to the spring garden. To be used as a specimen tree, flowering screen or hedge.

  • Grows up to 12-15 ft. tall and wide (360-450 cm).
  • Thrives in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Tolerates dry soils and poor soils, but prefers moist, fertile soils. Appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates.
  • Keep an eye out for canker, coral spot, leaf spot and horse chestnut scale.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • All parts are mildly poisonous by ingestion.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to North America

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Aesculus
Common names Chestnut, Red Buckeye, Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Spread 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut)
Aesculus californica (California Buckeye)
Aesculus x neglecta ‘Erythroblastos’ (Painted Buckeye)
Aesculus flava (Yellow Buckeye)
Aesculus x carnea (Red Horsechestnut)
Aesculus x carnea ‘Briotii’ (Red Horsechestnut)

Recommended Companion Plants

Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)
Carya glabra (Pignut Hickory)
Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak)
Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum)
Tilia americana (American Basswood)
Ilex opaca (American Holly)
Callicarpa americana (American Beautyberry)
Erythrina herbacea (Coralbean)
Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon)
Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Needle Palm)
Sabal minor (Dwarf Palmetto)
Hydrangea quercifolia (Oak Leaf Hydrangea)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Aesculus
Common names Chestnut, Red Buckeye, Buckeye, Red Horse Chestnut
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Spread 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Aesculus (Buckeye) to pick?
Compare Now

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