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Amelanchier alnifolia (Serviceberry)

Serviceberry, Alder-Leaved Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Juneberry

Amelanchier Alnifolia, Serviceberry, Alder-Leaved Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries
Amelanchier Alnifolia, Serviceberry, Alder-Leaved Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries
Amelanchier Alnifolia, Serviceberry, Alder-Leaved Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries
Amelanchier Alnifolia, Serviceberry, Alder-Leaved Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Western Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries

Domesticated for fruit production, Amelanchier alnifolia (Serviceberry) is a deciduous, upright, suckering shrub with four seasons of interest. In mid-spring, compact clusters of fragrant, white flowers emerge just before the leaves. They attract pollinators and are followed by small, sweet blue berries in early summer. They make great jellies or jams and are appreciated by birds and humans. The foliage of small, light-green, sharply and coarsely toothed, oval leaves turns to brilliant shades of orange and red in the fall. The plant remains attractive even after the leaves drop, thanks to its elegant growth habit and its light gray bark adorned with charcoal-gray striations. Serviceberry is attractive as an ornamental shrub or may be trimmed as a pretty hedge.

  • Grows slowly up to 10-15 ft. tall and wide (300-450 cm)
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in moist, well-drained, acidic soils. Best berry production and fall color occur in full sun. Tolerant to harsh, dry, or alkaline conditions once established. Drought tolerant.
  • Low maintenance, this plant is also generally pest and disease free, but watch for occasional rust, leaf spot, fire blight, powdery mildew, and canker.
  • Mass in mixed shrub borders. Perfect as a specimen plant, hedges, screens, or foundation plantings. When planted fairly close together, it makes an excellent windbreak, so the branches can intertwine to form a living fence. It can be used for erosion control.
  • Can be started from seed or vegetative cuttings.
  • Native to western Canada and mountainous parts of the western U.S.

Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 7
Heat Zones 3 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Amelanchier
Common names Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Juneberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' - 15'
(3m - 4.6m)
Spread 10' - 15'
(3m - 4.6m)
Spacing 120" - 180"
(3m - 4.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Alaska, California, North Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Iowa, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Traditional Garden, Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’ (Serviceberry)
Amelanchier utahensis (Utah Serviceberry)
Amelanchier stolonifera (Running Serviceberry)
Amelanchier ovalis (Snowy Mespilus)
Amelanchier lamarckii (Juneberry)
Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny Serviceberry)

Recommended Companion Plants

Hosta (Plantain Lily)
Echinacea (Coneflower)
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)

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Amelanchier (Serviceberry)
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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 7
Heat Zones 3 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Amelanchier
Common names Serviceberry, Saskatoon Serviceberry, Juneberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' - 15'
(3m - 4.6m)
Spread 10' - 15'
(3m - 4.6m)
Spacing 120" - 180"
(3m - 4.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Alaska, California, North Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Iowa, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Traditional Garden, Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
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