Alphabetical Plant Listing

Araucaria angustifolia (Brazilian Pine Tree)

Brazilian Pine Tree, Candelabra Tree, Paraná Pine, Brazilian Monkey-Puzzle, Araucaria brasiliensis


Araucaria angustifolia (Brazilian Pine Tree) is an evergreen conifer of narrow, pyramidal habit in youth, becoming flat-topped with age. The branches are horizontal with branchlets arranged in whorls of 4–8. The leaves are thick, tough, scale-like, and triangular, up to 2.4 in. long (6 cm), and with sharp edges and tips. They persist 10 to 15 years and cover most of the tree except for the trunk and older branches. The bark is finely scaly and resinous, with horizontal striation. Brazilian Pine Tree is dioecious, with the male and female cones on separate trees. The female cones, up to 10 in long (25 cm), are globular, maturing in 2–3 years after pollination. The male cones, up to 7 in. long (18 cm), are oblong. The seeds, similar to large pine nuts, are edible, and extensively harvested in southern Brazil. A slow-growing, but long-lived species, Araucaria angustifolia is a popular garden tree in subtropical regions.

  • Grows up to 80-100 ft. tall (24-30 m) and 20-25 ft. wide (6-8 m).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in moderately fertile, moist, well-drained soils. Prefers a slightly acidic soil.
  • Generally pest and disease free. Keep an eye our for honey fungus.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Propagate by seed sown in seedbed as soon as ripe; take semi-ripe cuttings of vertical shoot tips in midsummer and root in a cold frame, cuttings of horizontal side branches will not form an upright tree.
  • Native to Brazil, Argentina.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries

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By vitormarigo, Shutterstok

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Guides with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

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