Alphabetical Plant Listing

Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine)

New Caledonian Pine, Cook's Pine, Coral Reef Araucaria, Cook Araucaria, Columnar Araucaria, Araucaria cookii


Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine) is a narrow columnar evergreen conifer with short, mostly horizontal branches that grow in whorls around the slender, upright to slightly leaning trunk. The branches are lined with cord-like, horizontal branchlets clad with small, green, incurved, spirally arranged, overlapping leaves. The juvenile leaves are needle-like while the adult leaves are scale-like and triangular. The bark is gray, rough and resinous, exfoliating in thin strips. New Caledonian Pine is dioecious, with the male and female cones on separate trees. The female cones, up to 6 in long (15 cm), are upright, scaly, egg-shaped and located in the upper branches. The male cones, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), are drooping, scaly, cylindrical and hang from the lower branches. Araucaria columnaris is a popular garden tree in warm temperate climates. It is a magnificent focal point on a lawn and an excellent street tree.

  • Grows up to 160-200 ft. tall (50-60 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m). Grows 12 to 24 in. (30-60 cm) per year.
  • Performs best in full sun in moderately fertile, moist, well-drained soils. Provide a site sheltered from cold, drying winds.
  • Generally pest and disease free. Keep an eye our for root rot in poorly-drained soils.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Native to New Caledonia.

Not sure which Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees to pick?
Compare All Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Buy Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine)

Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 160' – 200' (48m – 60m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Salt
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Guides with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees


By Belikart, Shutterstok

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 160' – 200' (48m – 60m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Salt
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Guides with Araucaria - Monkey Puzzle Trees

Plant Calculator

How many Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Araucaria columnaris (New Caledonian Pine)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.