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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Vancouver Jade’ (Bearberry)

Bearberry 'Vancouver Jade', Common Bearberry 'Vancouver Jade', Kinninnick 'Vancouver Jade', Kinnikinnick 'Vancouver Jade', Pinemat Manzanita 'Vancouver Jade', Creeping Manzanita 'Vancouver Jade'

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'Vancouver Jade', Bearberry 'Vancouver Jade', Common Bearberry 'Vancouver Jade', Kinninnick 'Vancouver Jade', Kinnikinnick 'Vancouver Jade', Pinemat Manzanita 'Vancouver Jade', Creeping Manzanita 'Vancouver Jade', Evergreen Shrub, Hardy Shrub, Shrub with berries

Extremely winter hardy, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Vancouver Jade’ (Bearberry) is a slow-growing, creeping, evergreen shrub with trailing red stems studded with small, leathery, glossy, obovate, dark green leaves, up to 1 in. long (2.5 cm). The foliage turns red or purple in winter before becoming green again in spring. Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from the short red stems in mid to late spring. They last several weeks and are followed by edible, smooth, and glossy berries which ripen to bright red in the fall. Slow to rot, the glistening fruits provide excellent emergency food for birds and mammals throughout winter. Introduced by the U.B.C. Botanical Gardens, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Vancouver Jade’ is more disease resistant than the species.

Bearberry makes a very attractive ground cover where few other plants would be happy. Equally lovely when draped over the edge of walls or large rocks.

  • Grows up in a bushy, densely-branched shrub up to 4-6 in. tall (10-15 cm) and 24-36 in. wide (60-90 cm). 
  • This plant is easily grown in full sun to partial shade in acidic, moderately fertile, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Grows well in poor infertile soils. Do not use fertilizers. Perfect for dry, sandy, and rocky soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Excellent ground cover with year-round interest. Perfect for banks and slopes (erosion control), shrub borders, prairies and meadows, rock gardens, or cascading over walls.
  • Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. 
  • Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer or layering in fall.
  • Only minimal pruning is required and mostly to retain a desirable shape. Pruning should be done in early spring.
  • Choose your site well because it does not like to be transplanted.
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi species is native to North America, Europe and Asia.

Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 6
Heat Zones 1 - 6
Climate Zones 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Arctostaphylos
Common names Kinnikinnick, Bearberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Ground Covers, Patio And Containers, Underplanting Roses And Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ‘Massachusetts’ (Bearberry)
Arctostaphylos manzanita (Common Manzanita)
Arctostaphylos glauca (Big Berry Manzanita)
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)

Recommended Companion Plants

Erigeron karvinskianus (Mexican Daisy)
Stipa gigantea (Golden Oats)
Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’ (Catmint)
Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’ (Feather Reed Grass)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 6
Heat Zones 1 - 6
Climate Zones 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Arctostaphylos
Common names Kinnikinnick, Bearberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Ground Covers, Patio And Containers, Underplanting Roses And Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Arctostaphylos to pick?
Compare Now

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