Alphabetical Plant Listing

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)

Bearberry, Common Bearberry, Kinninnick, Kinnikinnick, Pinemat Manzanita, Creeping Manzanita


Extremely winter hardy, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry) is a slow-growing, creeping, evergreen shrub with trailing red stems studded with small, leathery, glossy, obovate, dark green leaves, up to 1 in. long (2.5 cm). The foliage turns red or purplish in winter before becoming green again in spring. Pretty clusters of lantern-shaped, white-to-pink flowers hang gracefully from the short red stems in mid to late spring. They last several weeks and are followed by edible, smooth and glossy berries which ripen to bright red in the fall. Slow to rot, the glistening fruits provide excellent emergency food for birds and mammals throughout winter.

Bearberry makes a very attractive ground cover where few other plants would be happy. Equally lovely when draped over the edge of walls or large rocks.

  • Grows up in a bushy, densely-branched shrub up to 6-12 in. tall (15-30 cm) and 3-6 ft. wide or more (90-180 cm). The plants spread gradually by surface rhizomes to form a mat.
  • A full sun to partial shade lover, this plant is easily grown in acidic, moderately fertile, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Grows well in poor infertile soils. Do not use fertilizers. Perfect for dry, sandy and rocky soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Excellent ground cover with year round interest. Perfect for banks and slopes (erosion control), shrub borders, prairies and meadows, rock gardens or cascading over walls.
  • Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Salt and wind Tolerant
  • Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer or layering in fall
  • No pruning needed
  • Choose your site well because it does not like to be transplanted.
  • Native to North America, Europe and Asia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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siur / 123RF Stock Photo</a>

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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