Alphabetical Plant Listing

Asimina triloba (Pawpaw)

Pawpaw, Papaw, Custard Apple, False Banana, Indian Banana, Wild Banana


Noted for its great foliage effect, Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) is a large, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree with large, slightly drooping, oval, rich green leaves, 6-12 in. long (15-30 cm), turning brilliant yellow to golden hues in fall. Cup-shaped, purple flowers, up to 2 in. across (5 cm), appear in spring before the leaves, and are followed by egg-shaped, edible, greenish yellow fruit, 5 in. long (12 cm), which mature to black and have a slight banana-like taste. The fruits are usually eaten raw or used in ice creams or pies. They attract wildlife and may persist on the tree for weeks, resembling Christmas ornaments. This is a good understory tree with no serious disease or insect problems.

  • Grows up to 15-30 ft. tall and wide (4-9 m). Will sucker to form colonies or thickets.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, Pawpaw is easily grown in acid or neutral, moist, well-drained soils. Needs long, hot summers to become a tree and produce fruit, otherwise can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub.
  • Generally pest and disease free.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Propagate by seed sown in autumn, or by layering in autumn, or root cuttings in winter.
  • Native to southeastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Wet Soil
Garden Uses Ponds and Streams, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Mediterranean Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Wet Soil
Garden Uses Ponds and Streams, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Mediterranean Garden

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