Alphabetical Plant Listing

Betula utilis var. jacquemontii (Himalayan Birch)

Himalayan Birch, West Himalayan Birch, Kashmir Birch, Whitebarked Himalayan Birch


Native to the Himalaya, Betula utilis var. jacquemontii (Himalayan Birch), which is prized for its brilliant and exceptionally white bark, is a lovely addition to the landscape. While young trees have a rich brown bark, it quickly changes to gleaming snow-white as the tree matures. Vigorous and fast growing, this medium-sized deciduous tree enjoys an open pyramidal habit with a graceful and delicate branching. It bears alternately arranged, ovate, dark green leaves, which warm up to bright yellow in fall before they shed for the winter. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins while greenish female flowers appear in upright catkins. The female flowers give way to drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds.

A very rewarding tree which is not only good-looking, but also provides interest year around. Not surprisingly, this is one of the most popular birch trees. Planted en masse, it is difficult to beat for drama. Exceptionally hardy, Himalayan Birch performs best in cool northern climates where root zones are often covered with snow in the winter and does poorly in the heat and humid areas.

  • Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall (9-12 m) and 20-25 ft. wide (6-7.5 m). 
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in medium to wet, well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soils, including sand or clay, but needs consistent moisture. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist.
  • Perfect as specimen plant or in borders, cottage gardens and foundation plantings
  • Low maintenance, this plant needs little pruning. If pruning is necessary, prune during the dormant season and avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running.
  • May be affected by sawflies, aphids, rust and leaf spot.
  • Propagate by softwood cuttings or grafting
  • Native to the Himalayas

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 7
Climate Zones 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Betula - Birches
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Spacing 240" – 360" (600cm – 900cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 7
Climate Zones 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Betula - Birches
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Spacing 240" – 360" (600cm – 900cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Betula - Birches

Guides with Betula - Birches

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