Alphabetical Plant Listing

Blechnum spicant (Hard Fern)

Hard Fern, Feer Fern, Herringbone Fern, Northern Fern, Rusty Back, Snake Fern, Blechnum boreale, Blechnum heterophyllum


Noted for its unique and distinctive type of fronds, Blechnum spicant (Hard Fern) is a charming, tufted, evergreen fern with interesting foliage texture. While its evergreen sterile fronds spread horizontally from a basal tuft, to form a neat arching mound of finely cut foliage, its fertile fronds rise straight up above this mound before drying out and withering away in fall.

Low maintenance, pest and disease free, Hard Fern is easy to grow in most cool, moist, shaded sites.

  • Clump-forming, it easily grows up to 18-24 in. tall (45-60 cm) and 18-36 in. wide (45-90 cm).
  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society for its outstanding qualities
  • A part to full shade lover, it is best grown in moist, acidic, well-drained soils. Tolerates some sun in cool summer regions. Mulch around the plants with compost to keep the soil moisture even
  • This plant is a great choice for shady beds, borders, underplanting of roses and shrubs, cottage gardens, woodlands and containers. Excellent for edging or as groundcover too.
  • Rabbit and deer tolerant!
  • Dead or damaged fronds may be removed as necessary.
  • Propagate by sowing spores (may not come true) in mid to late summer or by division in spring
  • Native to Europe, Northeast Asia and Western North America

Ferns come in an amazing array of texture, color, sizes and shapes. Easy to grow and quite versatile, they add beauty to almost any spot in the garden. While most ferns enjoy part shade or dappled sunlight, there are many which will also perform well in sunny locations, provided they get enough water. Most ferns are slow growing and may take several years to reach their mature size. Requiring minimal maintenance throughout the year, they offer gardeners plenty of attractive planting options!

Buy Blechnum spicant (Hard Fern)

Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 4 – 10
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 24
Plant Type Ferns
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Rabbit, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 4 – 10
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 24
Plant Type Ferns
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Rabbit, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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