Alphabetical Plant Listing

Allium schoenoprasum (Chives)

Chives, Cive, Onion Grass


Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) are cultivated both for their culinary uses and their ornamental value. These small bulbous perennials feature attractive, pale lavender, globular flowers and thin, grass-like, dark green leaves which typically grow in clumps up to 12-18 inches (30-45 cm). With a strong onion or garlic scent, they are generally pest and disease free!

  • Blooming in late spring - early summer, both flowers and leaves are edible. The flowers are perfect in salads while leaves are widely used as a culinary herb.
  • Easy to grow, they thrive in fertilewell-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Add grit to clay soils to improve drainage. Drought tolerant.
  • Lovely in border fronts, rock gardens, herb gardens, vegetable gardens and containers.
  • To achieve an impressive visual effect, plant them in groups close together.
  • Attracts butterflies, but deer ignore it! 
  • Easily grown from seed, they will self-seed if spent flower heads are not promptly deadheaded.
  • The world of chives offers very attractive cultivars: ‘Forescate’ with beautiful rosy red flowers, 'Corsica' or 'albiflorum' with white flowers.
  • Native to the temperate North Hemisphere.

Many hundreds of Allium species exist, but only a modest few have made a name for themselves as garden plants. The ornamental onions distinguish themselves by their great diversity in color, inflorescence and flowering height. Many species bloom in early summer - just after the spring-flowering period and just before the exuberant full bloom of summer. All species can be used in the border. Certain small species are just perfect for a rock garden, and several lend themselves to naturalizing.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 11
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Alliums
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Virginia, Southwest, Nevada
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Alliums

Guides with Alliums


digifuture / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 11
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Alliums
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Virginia, Southwest, Nevada
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Alliums

Guides with Alliums

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