Alphabetical Plant Listing

Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)

Cutleaf Toothwort, Pepper Root, Cardamine laciniata, Dentaria concatenata, Dentaria concatenata var. coalescens, Dentaria laciniata, Dentaria laciniata var. integra


Adding early spring color to the woodland garden, Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort) is a rhizomatous perennial boasting charming clusters of small, four-petaled, white flowers, sometimes tinged with pink, in early to late spring. The flowers sit atop an erect stem clad with a whorl of finely divided, toothed leaves. Cutleaf Toothwort is a spring ephemeral, emerging before the leaves leaf out on deciduous trees and going dormant by early summer. Quite resilient, Cardamine concatenata spreads slowly by running rhizomes to form a lovely carpet over time. It is perfectly suited to woodland gardens or any shady areas where it can be allowed to naturalize.

  • Grows up to 6-12 in. tall and wide (15-30 cm). 
  • Easily grown in humusy, organically-rich, moist, well-drained soils in part shade. Cover with a light layer of leaves in winter.
  • A welcomed addition to shaded gardens, rock gardens, naturalized areas, wild gardens or woodland gardens. Perfect for mixed borders and the front of perennial beds.
  • Cardamine concatenata combines well with other woodland wildflowers as well as ferns, hosta, to provide early season interest before the ferns and hostas emerge. Those plants will then cover up the foliage in early summer when Cardamine concatenata goes dormant.
  • Generally pest and disease free.
  • Propagate by seed or division. Seeds should be sown immediately after collection. Expect the seedlings to bloom in 3-4 years. Division should take place when the plant is dormant.
  • Native to eastern and central North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" (20cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" (20cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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