Alphabetical Plant Listing

Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)

Sugar Maple, Northern Sugar Maple, Rock Maple, Striped Maple, Acer palmifolium, Acer saccharophorum


Noted for its spectacular fall color, Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) is a large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk, wide-spreading branches and a dense, oval to rounded crown. Its foliage of five-lobed leaves, 3-6 in. (7-15 cm) ranges from medium to dark green in summer, and changes to a brilliant palette of yellows, oranges, and reds in the fall. In spring, greenish-yellow flowers, borne in short, upright sprays appear before the leaves and are followed by two-winged samara. Long-lived and slow-growing, Sugar Maple also provides some winter interest, with its attractive, gray-brown bark, often ridged and furrowed with age. Excellent shade tree or as a specimen. The sugar maple leaf is the national symbol of Canada. Native Americans taught the early colonists how to tap these trees to produce maple syrup. About 40 gallons of sap are required to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup.

  • Grows up to 40-80 ft. tall (12-24 m) and 30-60 ft. wide (9-18 m).
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in fertile, moist, acid, well-drained soils. Tolerant of full shade. Sugar maple is susceptible to salt, excessive heat, and leaf scorch in drought.
  • Low maintenance, this tree needs little pruning. If pruning is necessary, prune during the dormant season and avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Fertilize in spring before the leaves emerge.
  • Roots are often shallow and reach the surface at an early age. Plant in an area where grass below it will not need to be mowed so the roots will not be damaged by the mower.
  • May be affected by scale insects, aphids, verticillium wilt.
  • Propagate by seed and by grafting
  • Native to Eastern North America.

Not sure which Acer - Maples to pick?
Compare All Acer - Maples

Buy Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)

Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Acer - Maples
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 80' (12m – 24m)
Spread 30' – 60' (9m – 18m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Acer - Maples

Guides with Acer - Maples


Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Acer - Maples
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 80' (12m – 24m)
Spread 30' – 60' (9m – 18m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Acer - Maples

Guides with Acer - Maples

Plant Calculator

How many Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.