Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)

Longleaf Pine, Georgia Pine, Longleaf Yellow Pine, Southern Yellow Pine, Longstraw Pine, Hill Pine, Hard Pine, Heart Pine, Pinus australis


Tall and massive, Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine) is a majestic evergreen coniferous tree of broad upright habit with a straight trunk and short, stout branches forming an open, irregular crown. Its bright green needles, up to 14 in. long (35 cm), are the longest of any eastern North American pine. Occurring in dense bundles of three, they are very flexible, giving an almost weeping effect to the tree. Longleaf Pine is also notable for having the largest cones of any pine in eastern North America, mostly 6-10 in. long (16-25 cm). They persist on the tree for a couple of years. Seedlings stay in a tufted, grass-like stage for 5-7 years after germinating, growing very slowly while their taproot develops. Later they take off at a much faster rate. Ecologically important, Longleaf Pine survives through fires that burn off the competing grasses and weedy vegetation. Useful in coastal landscapes, mature specimens provide tall, airy, fragrant canopies.

  • Grows up to 80-100 ft. tall (24-30 m) and 30-40 ft. wide (9-12 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in acidic, well-drained soils. Tolerates seasonally poor drainage. Fertilize 3 times a year with lawn fertilizer. Once established, trees are very drought tolerant and require no irrigation for survival.
  • Prune to maintain shape.
  • Propagate by seed. Sow fresh, untreated seed in late fall.
  • Native to native to Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and eastern Texas.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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 By Nikolay Kurzenko, Steve Prorak, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 80' – 100' (24m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Guides with Pinus - Pines

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