Alphabetical Plant Listing

Colchicum byzantinum (Meadow Saffron)

Byzantine Meadow Saffron, Colchicum autumnale var. major hort., Naked Ladies, Autumn Crocus


Award-winning Colchicum byzantinum is an early fall-blooming Colchicum which bears up to 20 small, funnel-shaped, soft lilac flowers, 4-6 in. long (10-15 cm), with a prominent central white stripe. Appearing long before the leaves, they are borne on white stems. This perennial makes a truly unique display in the fall garden. Resembling crocuses, it produces its 5-6 broad, ribbed, dark green leaves, way later, in spring. Ridiculously easy to grow, all parts of this plant are poisonous, therefore it is diligently ignored by hungry deer, rabbits, and other critters.

  • Growing up to 6-8 inches tall and wide (15-20 cm), this Colchicum naturalizes easily and will come back year after year!
  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society for its outstanding qualities
  • Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade.
  • Stunning in front of shrubs, among low-growing perennials, woodlands, meadows, around patios or along walkways
  • Generally disease free. Watch for slugs.
  • To be planted 8 in. deep (20 cm) and 8 in. apart (20 cm) in very early fall.
  • Propagate by seed, sowing in containers in an open frame when ripe or separate corms when dormant in summer

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Colchicum - Autumn Crocuses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Fall
Height 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spread 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spacing 8" (20cm)
Depth 8" (20cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Pathways, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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© Martin Ogden /www.teddingtongardener.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Colchicum - Autumn Crocuses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Fall
Height 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spread 6" – 8" (15cm – 20cm)
Spacing 8" (20cm)
Depth 8" (20cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Pathways, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Colchicum - Autumn Crocuses

Guides with Colchicum - Autumn Crocuses

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