Alphabetical Plant Listing

Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn)

Midland Hawthorn, May, Albespyne, Bird Eagles, English Hawthorn, Quickset Thorn, Quickthorn, Whitethorn


Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves. In mid to late spring, a profusion of white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) along the branches provide a spectacular spring floral display. The blossoms are followed by red fruits in fall. The foliage develops no appreciable fall color. This beautiful species is common in hedgerows throughout Great Britain.

  • Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall and wide (4-6 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in moist, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens, town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.
  • Requires only minimal pruning in late winter or early spring, to remove damaged, diseased or misplaced growth.
  • Keep an eye out for caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, leaf spots and fireblight.
  • Propagate by seed
  • Native to Europe and North Africa
  • Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 3 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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By Przemyslaw Muszynski, ZGD, Dabjola, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 3 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns

Guides with Crataegus - Hawthorns

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