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Dryopteris marginalis (Marginal Wood Fern)

Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern, Evergreen Wood Fern, Leather Wood Fern

Dryopteris marginalis, Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern, Evergreen Wood Fern, Leather Wood Fern, Shade plants, shade perennial, plants for shade
Dryopteris marginalis, Marginal Woodfern, Marginal Fern, Marginal Shieldfern, Evergreen Wood Fern, Leather Wood Fern, Shade plants, shade perennial, plants for shade

Easy to cultivate and well-behaved, Dryopteris marginalis (Marginal Wood Fern) is a vase-shaped, evergreen fern forming a rosette of ascending to arching, lanceolate-ovate, bipinnate-pinnatifid fronds. Leathery and blue-green, the fronds feature 12-20 pairs of leaflets along their rachis. Broad, up to 10 in. wide (25 cm), the fronds are usually 15-20 in. long (37-50 cm), however, they can reach 3 ft. (90 cm). The sori (fruit dots) are prominent at the edges or margins of the blade undersides. In spring, golden brown and furry fiddleheads arise in vase-like circles from the rootstock. The rhizome tends to form a large, dramatic, single-crowned specimen. Marginal Wood Fern does not spread by runners and never becomes aggressive. Native to eastern North America, Marginal Wood Fern occurs naturally in shaded crevices of rocky ledges and bluffs. This is the most drought-tolerant of the Wood Ferns. The elegantly shaped evergreen fronds provide good interest to the winter landscape.

  • Grows up to 1-2 ft. tall and wide (30-60 cm).
  • A part shade to full shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, acidic, mesic, well-drained soils. This fern prefers a location with high humidity that is protected from prevailing winds.
  • This plant is a great choice for shady beds and borders, rock gardens, cottage gardens, and woodland gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease problems.
  • Remove faded fronds regularly and divide plants when crowded.
  • Propagate by root crown division and from spores.
  • Native to eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Ferns
Plant Family Dryopteridaceae
Genus Dryopteris
Common names Fern
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Southeast, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Oklahoma
Tolerance Full Shade, Rabbit
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Dryopteris wallichiana Jurassic Gold (Alpine Wood Fern)
Dryopteris arguta (Coastal Wood Fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York Fern)
Dryopteris intermedia (Intermediate Wood Fern)
Dryopteris cristata (Crested Wood Fern)
Dryopteris carthusiana (Spinulose Wood Fern)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Ferns
Plant Family Dryopteridaceae
Genus Dryopteris
Common names Fern
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Missouri, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Southeast, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Oklahoma
Tolerance Full Shade, Rabbit
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Dryopteris to pick?
Compare Now

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