Alphabetical Plant Listing

Echinocystis lobata (Wild Cucumber)

Wild Cucumber, Balsam Apple, Californian Cucumber, Canadian Mock Apple, Creeping Jenny, Mock Cucumber, Mock Orange, One-seeded Bur Cucumber, Prickly Cucumber, Wild Balsam Apple, Micrampelis lobata, Sicyos lobata


Native throughout much of North America, Echinocystis lobata (Wild Cucumber) is a fast growing, warm season annual vine with soft, fleshy, grooved stems clothed with large, palmate, bright green leaves adorned with 3-5 pointed lobes. It climbs onto arbors, pergolas, walls and other low structures with curling, 3-forked tendrils that arise from the leaf axils. These tendrils are touch sensitive and contract to a coil when they contact a support. In summer, sweet-smelling, 6-petalled, star-like white flowers are produced. The male flowers occur on long, upright, branching panicles borne in the leaf axils, while the female flowers occur singly or in pairs. The female flowers are followed by unusual spiky green fruits resembling small cucumbers. When ripe, they burst open and expel the seeds. They are not edible and can be used in dried flower arrangements.

  • Grows up to 25-30 ft. long (7-9 m). Will self-seed readily in the landscape.
  • Thrives in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun.
  • No serious insect or disease problems.
  • Great for trellises, walls, fences, arbors and other structures.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals, Climbers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences

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By Mila Demidova, Victoria Tucholka, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals, Climbers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences

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