Alphabetical Plant Listing

Halesia carolina (Carolina Silverbell)

Carolina Silverbell, Opossum Wood, Silverbell Tree, Snowdrop Tree, Halesia tetraptera


Best known for its ornamental qualities, Halesia carolina (Carolina Silverbell) is a broad, rounded, deciduous shrub or small tree boasting eye-catching clusters of 2-5 hanging, bell-shaped, white flowers, 1 in. long (2.5 cm) in mid spring. They emerge slightly before or when the leaves unfurl and are followed by 4-winged pale green fruits in the fall which often persist well into the winter. The seeds are eaten by squirrels and the flowers provide honey for bees. The foliage of ovate, finely toothed, dark yellowish green leaves usually turns muted yellow in the fall. Carolina Silverbell grows at a moderate rate and lives about 100 years. It can be grown as a large multi-trunked shrub or trained into a small understory tree. The heavy crop of white bell-shaped flowers and small size make it a desirable tree for landscaping. Perfect along stream banks, in the shrub border or as a single specimen. Attractive when planted with rhododendrons and azaleas.

  • Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall (9-12 m) and 20-35 ft. wide (6-11 m).
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, moist, acidic, organically rich, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect for shrub borders, woodland gardens or as a specimen for the lawn.
  • Low maintenance, this plant has no serious insect or disease issues. Leaves can become chlorotic in high pH soils.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings.
  • Native to the southeastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 4 – 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 35' (6m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 4 – 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 35' (6m – 10.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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