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Laguncularia racemosa (White Mangrove)

White Mangrove, Conocarpus racemosa

Laguncularia racemosa, White Mangrove, Conocarpus racemosa, Florida Native Shrub, Florida Native Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree
Laguncularia racemosa, White Mangrove, Conocarpus racemosa, Florida Native Shrub, Florida Native Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree
Laguncularia racemosa, White Mangrove, Conocarpus racemosa, Florida Native Shrub, Florida Native Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree

Laguncularia racemosa (White Mangrove) is a large shrub to medium-sized evergreen tree with a short, crooked trunk and a narrow rounded crown. The opposite, pale grayish-green leaves, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), are oval, thick and leathery. They are noted for the presence of two glands on the petiole just below the leaf base, where excess salt is excreted. Blooming all year-round, with a peak from spring to fall, tiny white fragrant flowers emerge on short, branched spikes near the tips of the branches. The flowers attract butterflies, bees and other pollinators. They are followed by greenish to reddish, ribbed fruit pods that contain one seed. The bark is light brown with vertical ridges. Thicket-forming, this species produces many roots that bind the soil well and is very effective in controlling and reducing coastal erosion. Exceptionally salt tolerant, it can be used as a hedge in coastal sites, as a windbreak or to stabilize shorelines. Hurricane wind resistant, White Mangrove occurs naturally in the coastal areas of south Florida, most of the West Indies, tropical America and the coast of West Africa.

  • Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall (9-12 m) and 20-30 ft. wide (6-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in moist to wet saline soils. Grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils. Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation, it can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by seeds.
  • Native to the coasts of western Africa from Senegal to Cameroon, the Atlantic Coast of the Americas from Bermuda and Florida to the Bahamas, Mexico, the Caribbean, and south to Brazil; and on the Pacific Coast of the Americas from Mexico to northwestern Peru, including the Galápagos Islands.

Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 11
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Combretaceae
Common names Mangrove
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' - 40'
(9.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs High
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida
Tolerance Salt, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden
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Recommended Companion Plants

Conocarpus erectus (Buttonwood)
Crinum americanum (Swamp Lily)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 11
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Combretaceae
Common names Mangrove
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' - 40'
(9.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs High
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida
Tolerance Salt, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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