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Monarda punctata (Spotted Bee Balm)

Spotted Bee Balm, Dotted Bee Balm, Dotted Horsemint, Spotted Horsemint

Monarda punctata, Dotted Bee Balm, Dotted Horsemint, Spotted Horsemint, Yellow Monarda, Yellow Bee Balm, Yellow flowers, Purple Monarda, Purple Bee Balm, Purple flowers,
Rudbeckia Triloba, Brown-Eyed Susan, Native Black-Eyed Susan, Thin-Leaved Rudbeckia, Thin-Leaf Coneflower, Branched Coneflower, late summer perennial, golden flowers, yellow perennial

Noted for its pagoda-like flowers, Monarda punctata (Spotted Bee Balm) is a clump-forming, short-lived perennial or biennial, boasting showy clusters of creamy purple-spotted tubular flowers, 2-3 in. across (5-7 cm), resting upon pink, lavender or creamy bracts. Blooming for weeks from early to mid-summer, they attract scores of butterflies and pollinators to the garden. The foliage of deep green aromatic leaves may be used to flavor teas. Spotted Bee Balm is best suited to perennial borders, wild gardens, prairies, and meadows.

  • Grows in clumps up to 18-24 in. tall (45-60 cm) and 9-12 in. wide (22-30 cm). Spreads by runners to form large clumps without becoming aggressive.
  • Performs best in full sun or partial shade in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil. Best in sandy soils with consistent moisture. Tolerates poor soils. Drought tolerant.
  • This showy perennial is a striking addition to prairies and meadows.
  • Monarda flowers attract streams of butterflies, hummingbirds, and other beneficial pollinators, but this plant is deer and rabbit-resistant.
  • Providing good air circulation to combat powdery mildew is important.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms.
  • Native to the eastern U.S. and California.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Spotted Bee Balm, Bee Balm
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid)
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 9" - 1'
(23cm - 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Connecticut, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, California, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, Minnesota, Mississippi, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Florida, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Monarda media (Purple Bergamot)
Monarda ‘Blue Stocking’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda didyma (Scarlet Bee Balm)
Monarda citriodora (Lemon Bee Balm)
Monarda ‘Raspberry Wine’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda bradburiana (Eastern Bee Balm)

Recommended Companion Plants

Liatris spicata (Blazing Star)
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)
Coreopsis (Tickseed)
Rudbeckia fulgida (Black-Eyed Susan)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

How to Create an Enchanting Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
6 Reasons You Should Create a Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Bees: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
How to Cultivate a Thriving Bee-Friendly Garden
Hummingbird
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Best Flowers to Attract Hummingbirds
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Spotted Bee Balm, Bee Balm
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid)
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 9" - 1'
(23cm - 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Connecticut, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, California, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, Minnesota, Mississippi, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Florida, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Alabama, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Monarda (Bee Balm)
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Monarda (Bee Balm)
Not sure which Monarda (Bee Balm) to pick?
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