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Monarda media (Purple Bergamot)

Purple Bergamot

Monarda media, Purple Bergamot, Purple Monarda, Purple Bee Balm, Lavender Monarda, Lavender Bee Balm, Lavender flowers
Monarda media, Purple Bergamot, Purple Monarda, Purple Bee Balm, Lavender Monarda, Lavender Bee Balm, Lavender flowers

Monarda media (Purple Bergamot) is a clump-forming perennial boasting fragrant, reddish-purple, tubular flowers borne in ragged terminal heads, 2-3 in. across (5-7 cm). Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative purplish bracts. The colorful and nectar-rich blooms ensure that butterflies and hummingbirds are regular visitors to the garden. The silvery-green foliage of opposite, lance-shaped leaves, is covered with fine hair. Aromatic, leaves have a strong mint fragrance when crushed. Purple Bergamot is best suited to the rich, moist, acidic soil of naturalized areas and along bogs, streams, or ponds.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft tall (60-90 cm) and 1-2 ft. wide (30-60 cm). Will spread through rhizomes to form a colony.
  • Performs best in full sun or light shade in rich, moist, acidic soils.
  • This showy perennial looks great in prairies and meadows, rain gardens, and along bogs, streams, or ponds.
  • Monarda flowers attract streams of butterflies, hummingbirds, and other beneficial pollinators, but this plant is deer and rabbit resistant.
  • This species is prone to powdery mildew. Providing good air circulation to combat powdery mildew is important. Prune stems to increase airflow. Rust can also be a problem.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms.
  • Propagate by division, seed, or stem cuttings.
  • Native to eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Bee Balm
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Maine, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, North Carolina, Kentucky, Georgia, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Monarda ‘Blue Stocking’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda didyma (Scarlet Bee Balm)
Monarda citriodora (Lemon Bee Balm)
Monarda bradburiana (Eastern Bee Balm)
Monarda ‘Raspberry Wine’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda ‘Prarienacht’ (Bee Balm)

Recommended Companion Plants

Mertensia virginica (Virginian Bluebells)
Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)
Polemonium caeruleum (Jacob’s Ladder)
Chelone glabra (White Turtlehead)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

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For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
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How to Cultivate a Thriving Bee-Friendly Garden
Hummingbird
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Best Flowers to Attract Hummingbirds
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Bee Balm
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Maine, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, North Carolina, Kentucky, Georgia, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Guides with
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Not sure which Monarda (Bee Balm) to pick?
Compare Now

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