Alphabetical Plant Listing

Nepeta cataria (Catnip)

Catmint, Catnep, Catnip, Cat in Clover, Cat's Heal-All


Loved by many cats, Nepeta cataria (Catnip) is a vigorous herbaceous perennial forming a spreading clump of erect branched stems clad with aromatic, soft, oval to triangular, gray-green, toothed leaves, 3 in. long (7 cm). From late spring to early fall, they are topped with long, dense spikes of small white flowers spotted with violet. Easy-to-grow, Nepeta cataria is not very ornamental but it deserves a spot in the herb garden. As a medicinal herb, Catnip is an excellent remedy for children, resolving feverish conditions, and alleviating colic. Catnip can also be used for making an herbal tea that reportedly helps reduce stress, induce sleep, promote perspiration (fever/cold relief), soothe sore throats and comfort upset stomachs. For the safe and appropriate use of catnip, consult a healthcare professional. As a culinary herb, its fresh leaves, rich of a mint flavor, may be added to soups, sauces, vegetables, or pasta. Finally, Catnip acts as a repellant for certain insects, including mosquitoes and cockroaches. To harvest Catnip, cut the stems to the ground and hang them upside down in a well-aired place. When perfectly dry, remove the foliage and store it in an airtight container for storage or use immediately for herbal teas, potpourris or even cat toy fill!

  • Grows up to 24-36 inches tall and wide (60-90 cm). This plant will self-seed in the garden, often profusely.
  • Performs best in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Thrives in dry soils and is highly drought tolerant.
  • A remarkably low-maintenance plant, this excellent performer is highly versatile and can be used in many situations: beds and borders, cottage gardens, Mediterranean gardens, wildlife gardens. Nepeta is perfect for underplanting roses as the colors complement each other and the foliage hides the bare feet of the rose bushes.
  • Attracts butterflies but is ignored by deer.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for slugs and snails, and powdery mildews in dry summers.
  • Trim after flowering to keep plants compact and promote continued bloom.
  • Propagate by seed or by softwood cuttings in early summer or semi-ripe cuttings in early autumn or by division.
  • Native to Europe, southwestern and central Asia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Plant Family Nepeta - Catmints
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Plant Family Nepeta - Catmints
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Nepeta - Catmints

Guides with Nepeta - Catmints

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