Create Your Garden

Nepeta (Catmint)

Nepeta grandiflora, Giant Catmint, Caucasus Catmint, Nepeta × faassenii, Garden Catmint, Nepeta racemosa, Dwarf Catmint, Nepeta caria, Catnip

Nepeta Racemosa, Persian Catmint, Nepeta Racemosa Walker's Low, Nepeta Walker's Low, Catmint Walker's Low, Best perennial plants, Award perennials, long flowering perennials

Nepeta, commonly known as catmint, includes approximately 250 species of herbaceous perennials in the mint family Lamiaceae. These plants are native to regions of Europe, Asia, and Africa and are known for their attractive flowers and fragrant foliage.

Nepeta plants typically grow in clumps or mounds and produce spikes of lavender, blue, or white flowers in the spring and summer months. The foliage of Nepeta plants is highly aromatic and can be used as a culinary herb or for medicinal purposes.

Main Catmint Species

Nepeta cataria (catnip): Nepeta cataria is a highly aromatic and attractive plant that is well known for its effects on cats. The plant has gray-green leaves and produces clusters of white or lavender flowers. Nepeta cataria typically grows up to 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) tall and wide. Nepeta cataria is hardy in USDA zones 3-9. It blooms from late spring to early fall.

Nepeta x faassenii (Faassen’s catmint): Nepeta x faassenii is a low-maintenance plant that is highly attractive to pollinators. It produces spikes of lavender-blue flowers that are highly fragrant when crushed. It typically grows to a height of 1-2 feet (30-60 cm), with a spread of about 2-3 feet (60-90 cm). Nepeta x faassenii is hardy in USDA zones 4-9. It blooms from spring through autumn.

Nepeta racemosa (catmint or Persian catmint): Nepeta racemosa is a low-growing and spreading plant that is highly ornamental. It produces spikes of lavender-blue flowers that are highly attractive to pollinators. It typically grows to a height of 12-18 inches (30-45 cm), with a spread of about 2 feet (60 cm). Nepeta racemosa is hardy in USDA zones 4-8. and blooms in late spring to early summer, with a second flush of flowers later in the summer if deadheaded.

Nepeta sibirica (Siberian catmint): Nepeta sibirica is a hardy and reliable plant that produces whorls of violet flowers that last for an extended period during the summer. It has gray-green leaves that are highly fragrant when crushed. It typically grows to a height of 3 feet (90 cm) with a spread of about 5 feet (150 cm). Nepeta sibirica is hardy in USDA zones 3-8.

Nepeta grandiflora (large-flowered catmint): Nepeta grandiflora is a tall and vigorous plant that produces spikes of lavender-blue flowers. It has slightly hairy, gray-green leaves that are highly fragrant when crushed. It typically grows up to 2-3 feet (60-90 cm) tall and wide. Nepeta grandiflora is hardy in USDA zones 4-7. It blooms in early to mid-summer, usually from June to July.

Nepeta nervosa: Nepeta nervosa, also known as nerve catmint or musk catmint, is a herbaceous perennial that produces spikes of white to pale blue flowers. The plant has a musky scent and fuzzy, grey-green leaves. It typically grows to a height of 1-2 feet (30-60 cm) tall and wide.  Nepeta nervosa is hardy in USDA zones 4-7. It blooms from early to mid-summer.

Nepeta govaniana: Nepeta govaniana, also known as Kashmir catmint, is a herbaceous perennial that produces spikes of pale yellow to cream-colored flowers. The plant has gray-green leaves that are highly fragrant when crushed. It typically grows to 3-4 feet (90-120 cm) tall and 2 feet (60 cm) wide. Nepeta govaniana is hardy in USDA zones 4-7. It blooms from summer through fall.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Genus Nepeta
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Attracts Bees, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Landscaping Ideas Ground Covers, Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Landscaping with Catmint

Catmint is a versatile and attractive plant that can be used in a variety of garden designs. Here are some ideas for incorporating it into your garden:

Cottage garden: The beautiful flowers and cottage-like charm make it a perfect addition to a cottage garden. Pair it with other traditional cottage garden plants such as roses, daisies, and hollyhocks for a charming and romantic look.

Herb garden: Catmint is a member of the mint family and can be a great addition to an herb garden. Plant it alongside other herbs such as lavender, rosemary, and thyme for a fragrant and useful garden.

Pollinator garden: Catmint is a great plant for attracting pollinators such as bees and butterflies to your garden. Use it in a pollinator garden along with other plants that are attractive to pollinators, such as coneflowers, bee balm, and butterfly weed.

Rock garden: The low-growing habit and attractive flowers make it a great plant for a rock garden. Plant it among rocks and gravel, along with other low-growing plants such as sedums and creeping thyme.

Border plant: The compact growth habit and beautiful flowers make it a great choice for a border plant. Use it to edge garden beds or walkways for a beautiful and fragrant border.

Container planting: Catmint can be grown in containers, such as pots or hanging baskets, for a beautiful and fragrant addition to your patio or balcony.

Overall, catmint is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of garden designs. Its beautiful flowers, low maintenance, and beneficial properties make it a great choice for any garden.

Companion Plants for Catmint

Agastache (Hyssop)
Echinacea (Coneflower)
Coreopsis (Tickseed)
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)
Lavandula angustifolia (English Lavender)
Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian Sage)
Achillea (Yarrow)
Salvia (Sage)
Sedum (Stonecrop)

Growing Catmint

Culture: Nepeta plants are relatively easy to care for and thrive in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.

Low maintenance: The plants require minimal care once established, making them a great choice for busy gardeners.

Landscape uses: Nepeta is often used in garden borders, as it forms a low, spreading mound of foliage that is highly ornamental. It is also a good choice for perennial borders, rock gardens, containers, and other garden settings where low-growing plants are desired. It is also great for edging beds or paths and even as a ground cover.

Pollinators: Nepeta plants are also highly attractive to pollinators like bees and butterflies, making them a valuable addition to any garden.

Deer and rabbit-resistant: While no plant is completely resistant to deer or rabbits, Nepeta is known to be less appealing to these animals due to its strong fragrance and fuzzy leaves.

Pest and diseases: Catmint is resilient to most pests and diseases.

Propagation: Nepeta can be propagated by division in the spring or fall, and it benefits from regular pruning to encourage bushier growth and more flowers.

Garden Examples

A Fabulous Duo: Rose ‘Gertrude Jekyll’ & Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’
A Fabulous Trio: Rose ‘Lady of Shalott’, Achillea & Nepeta
A Colorful Summer Planting Idea with Achillea, Agastache, Eremurus & Nepeta
A Glowing Summer Border Idea with Dahlias, Helenium and Nepeta
A Charming Border Idea with Allium, Nepeta & Grasses
A Lovely Contemporary Garden Idea
Compare All Nepeta (Catmint)
Compare Now
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Nepeta (Catmint)
Guides with
Nepeta (Catmint)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Genus Nepeta
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Attracts Bees, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Landscaping Ideas Ground Covers, Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden
Compare All Nepeta (Catmint)
Compare Now
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Nepeta (Catmint)
Guides with
Nepeta (Catmint)

Related Items

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone