Alphabetical Plant Listing

Osmorhiza longistylis (Anise Root)

Longstyle Sweetroot, Aniseroot, Sweet-Cicely, Wild Licorice, Anise Root, Sweet Anise


Noted for its anise-scented fragrance, Osmorhiza longistylis (Anise Root) is a perennial herb with smooth stems clad with broad, bluntly toothed, fern-like leaves, 12 in. wide (30 cm), divided into 3 compound leaflets. Each compound leaflet is further divided into 3 subleaflets. Blooming for 2-3 weeks in late spring to early summer, compound umbels of tiny white flowers rise above the foliage on stalks from upper leaf axils. All plant parts (leaves, stems, roots) release a mild anise fragrance when rubbed. The flowers give way to 2-seeded fruits. Anise Root was widely used by Native Americans as a general tonic, and a remedy for a range of specific conditions. Roots, young leaves, flowers and seeds are edible. Because of their anise aroma, they are used as spices in many dishes and can be added to salads, soups, stews or desserts.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall and wide (60-90 cm).
  • Performs best in part shade, in deep, moist to mesic, fertile, well-drained soils. Tolerates full sun but prefers dappled shade.
  • Good for herb gardens, woodland gardens, naturalized areas, native plant gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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Fritz Flohr Reynolds, Doug MacGrady, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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