Create Your Garden

Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine)

Table Mountain Pine, Hickory Pine, Prickly Pine

Pinus pungens, Table Mountain Pine, Hickory Pine, Prickly Pine, Evergreen Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Conifer
Pinus pungens, Table Mountain Pine, Hickory Pine, Prickly Pine, Evergreen Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Conifer
Pinus pungens, Table Mountain Pine, Hickory Pine, Prickly Pine, Evergreen Tree, Evergreen Shrub, Conifer

Small in stature and long-lived, Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine) is an evergreen conifer with a straight to crooked trunk, up to 24 in. in diameter (60 cm), and a rounded, irregular crown of sturdy, horizontal branches. The foliage of short, stout, yellow-green to mid-green needles, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), is arranged in feathery tufts of 2-3. Borne in clusters along the branches, its ovoid, pale pinkish to yellowish buff seed cones are very short-stalked and noted for their scales bearing a stout, sharp spine. The dark brown bark is broken by fissures into irregular plates and is nearly smooth to flaky. Native to the central Appalachian Mountains of the United States, Table Mountain Pine occurs at elevations of 1,500 to 4,300 feet (500 – 1,350 m) above sea level, preferring to grow in dry, mostly sandy or shaly uplands. Table Mountain Pine makes a wonderful specimen plant and is an excellent tree for wildlife, attracting birds, butterflies, moths, and small mammals.

  • Grows up to 20-40 ft. tall and wide (6-12 m) at maturity. Adds 12 in. per year (30 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in dry to medium moisture, acidic, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Keep an eye out for aphids and armillaria. Deer resistant.
  • No pruning required.
  • Table Mountain pine is endemic to the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 7
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Northeast, Southeast, Georgia, Virginia, West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Pinus (Pine)
Not sure which Pinus (Pine) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Pinus eldarica (Afghan Pine)
Pinus edulis (Pinyon Pine)
Pinus strobus ‘Contorta’ (Eastern White Pine)
Pinus sabiniana (California Foothill Pine)
Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)
Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)

Recommended Companion Plants

Pinus strobus (Eastern White Pine)
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red Cedar)
Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood)
Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel)
Pieris floribunda (Mountain Andromeda)
Acer rubrum (Red Maple)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Popular Pine Trees for Small Gardens
Roots of Life: Exploring the Diverse World of Trees
Green Canopy, Better World: Exploring the Benefits of Trees
Trees that Invite Wildlife to Your Garden
Small Evergreen Shrubs for Year-Round Appeal
Native Plant Alternatives to Pinus sylvestris (Scotch Pine)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 7
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Northeast, Southeast, Georgia, Virginia, West Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Pinus (Pine)
Not sure which Pinus (Pine) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone