Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)

Slash Pine, Yellow Slash Pine, Swamp Pine, Florida Slash Pine, South Florida Slash Pine, Dade County Slash Pine, Dade County Pine, Cuban Pine, Pinus heterophylla


One of the fastest-growing southern pines, Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine) is a large evergreen conifer which looses its lower branches with age. Pyramidal when young, it forms an open, rounded canopy creating a light, dappled shade beneath. Its foliage of relatively long, dark, shiny green needles, 6-12 in. (15-30 cm), is borne in bundles of two and three on the same branch. The needles are held on the tree about 2 years, which gives the canopy an open look with needles crowded near ends of branches and twigs. Elongated chocolate brown to reddish brown cones, 2-6 in. long (5-15 cm), are produced on mature specimens (12 years). They are an important food source for birds and small mammals. The bark is red-brown and furrowed when young, becoming platey with loose, thin scales that flake off, revealing a light brown to cinnamon color on older specimens. An important species for lumber, plywood, pulp, and resin products, Slash Pine is extensively grown in forest plantations. Because of its rapid growth and extensive lateral root system, it is used to stabilize soil and rehabilitate mine spoils. It is long-lived (150 years) and its stately beauty makes it popular as a shade and ornamental tree. Since shaded lower branches die and drop as the tree grows taller be careful not to plant this pine too close to high traffic areas.

  • Grows up to 70-100 ft. tall (21-30 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in acidic, well-drained to occasionally wet soils. Drought and salt tolerant.
  • Keep an eye out for bark beetles, wood borers, sawflies, fusiform rust, pitch canker, annosus root rot.
  • Slash pine is self-pruning of its lower branches.
  • Propagate by seed. Sow fresh, untreated seed in late fall.
  • Native range includes the Coastal Plain from southern South Carolina to central Florida and west to eastern Louisiana. Slash pine has been planted as far north as Kentucky and Virginia, and as far west as eastern Texas, where it now reproduces naturally.

Not sure which Pinus - Pines to pick?
Compare All Pinus - Pines

Buy Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)

Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 9 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 70' – 100' (21m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Guides with Pinus - Pines


Forest and Kim Starr, Paul Asman and Jill Lenoble, Wendy Cutler, Flickr, Nikki Herbst, Holly Guerrio, Wildnerdpix, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Heat Zones 9 – 11
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 70' – 100' (21m – 30m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Guides with Pinus - Pines

Plant Calculator

How many Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Pinus elliottii (Slash Pine)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.