Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)

Pitch Pine, Torch Pine, Northern Pitch Pine, Sap Pine


Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine) is a large evergreen conifer of conical habit with a straight to somewhat curved trunk, and a broad, rounded or irregular crown of twisting, gnarled branches. The foliage of thick and stiff, yellow-green to dark green needles, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), is arranged in feathery tufts of 3. Borne in clusters of 3-5, the seed cones are yellowish-brown and egg-shaped and about 1-3 in. long (2-7 cm), with pointed scales held together with resin. The dark gray bark is thick, rough, and deeply furrowed. Native to eastern North America, Pitch Pine grows in shallow sands and gravels on steep slopes and ridges and in river valleys and swamps. It is a very hardy pine species that is resistant to fire and injury. After a fire, sprouts grow from the roots and stumps of the burned trees. Long-lived (200 years old), Pitch Pine is suitable for planting on dry rocky soil that other trees cannot tolerate, becoming open and irregular in shape in exposed situations. Twigs, leaves and seeds are important wildlife food. Pitch Pine was once a source of resin, hence the common name that refers to the high resin content of its knotty wood.

  • Grows up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m) at maturity.
  • Performs best in full sun in any well-drained soils. Tolerates dry soils, drought and salt. Adapts to the driest, most unproductive sites, yet is also found in coastal swamps.
  • Keep an eye out for adelgids, aphids, sawflies and pine shoot moth. Deer resistant.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to the eastern United States from central Maine south to northern Georgia. There are outlying pitch pine populations as far west as western Kentucky. Pitch pine is most common on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. There are 2 disjunct Pitch Pine populations in Canada in southwestern Quebec and southeastern Ontario.

Not sure which Pinus - Pines to pick?
Compare All Pinus - Pines

Buy Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Guides with Pinus - Pines


Cultivar413, Plant Image Library, Flickr, Mirofoss, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 60' (12m – 18m)
Spread 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Guides with Pinus - Pines

Plant Calculator

How many Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.