Alphabetical Plant Listing

Primula vulgaris (Primrose)

Primrose, Wild Primrose, English Primrose, Blue Primrose, Primula acaulis, Primula grandiflora, Primula uniflora Gmelin, Primula vernalis


Harbinger of spring, Primula vulgaris (Primrose) is a compact, semi-evergreen perennial bearing masses of scented, pale yellow flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), adorned with a deep yellow heart from late winter to mid spring. The luminous blossoms are borne above a rosette of oval, toothed, bright green leaves. Easy to grow, this wild primrose readily self-seeds, turning the ground into a carpet of stunning yellow. Perfect for naturalized areas, cottage or woodland gardens.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 4-6 in. tall (10-15 cm) and 4-9 in. wide (10-22 cm).
  • A part shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, moderately fertile, consistently moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates full sun in cool summer regions.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in beds and borders, in cottage gardens, rock gardens, naturalized areas or in containers.
  • Watch out for pests such as aphids, vine weevil, slugs, leaf and bud eelworms, leaf-mining flies and glasshouse red spider mite. May be subject to leaf spot, primula brown core and grey moulds.
  • To be sown from fall onwards. Established plants should be planted in early fall. Propagate by seed or root basal cuttings
  • Native to southern and western Europe

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Winter
Height 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spread 4" – 9" (10cm – 22cm)
Spacing 9" (22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Stephen Farhall/Shutterstock, Botanik Foto

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid)
Winter
Height 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spread 4" – 9" (10cm – 22cm)
Spacing 9" (22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Primula - Primroses

Guides with Primula - Primroses

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