Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rhaphiolepis indica (Indian Hawthorn)

Indian Hawthorn


Rhaphiolepis indica (Indian Hawthorn) is a dense rounded evergreen shrub boasting a profusion of small, fragrant, crabapple-like white or pink flowers in spring. Borne in loose terminal panicles, they literally cover the plant in fragrant blossoms. They are followed by decorative, dark blue berries that persist through winter if not devoured by hungry birds and small mammals. The foliage of thick, leathery, oblong leaves, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), emerges with bronze tints and matures to dark green. Easy to grow, reliable and long-lived, Indian Hawthorn is prized by gardeners for its fragrant flowers and evergreen foliage. It is often utilized as a specimen plant, a flowering hedge or screen or in mass plantings. Tolerant of salt spray, Indian hawthorn is also an attractive addition to coastal gardens.

  • Grows up to 4-6 ft. tall and wide (120-180 cm).
  • Easily grown in moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Provide regular moisture and avoid overhead irrigation. Fertilize in spring with all-purpose fertilizer.
  • Great for shrub borders, hedges or foundation plantings, banks and slopes, containers.
  • Keep an eye out for leaf spot, aphids, nematodes, scale and fireblight. Provide good air circulation around the plant.
  • Propagate by cuttings in late fall.
  • Prune after flowering, if needed, for compact growth.
  • Native to southern China.

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Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Heat Zones 3 – 9
Climate Zones 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 4' – 6' (120cm – 180cm)
Spread 4' – 6' (120cm – 180cm)
Spacing 48" – 72" (120cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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Ralph Gillen, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Heat Zones 3 – 9
Climate Zones 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Height 4' – 6' (120cm – 180cm)
Spread 4' – 6' (120cm – 180cm)
Spacing 48" – 72" (120cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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