Alphabetical Plant Listing

Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon)

Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina


Slow-growing and attractive, Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon) is an upright, densely branching, evergreen shrub or small tree with leathery, lustrous, dark green leaves, 1.5 in. long (4 cm), adorned with toothed margins. Ilex vomitoria is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. It produces abundant small greenish-white flowers in spring that are followed by prodigious amounts of attractive bright red berries on pollinated female plants. Extremely showy, they ripen in fall, persist into winter and enliven the winter landscape unless they are devoured by birds. Mammals eat the fruit as well, and the flowers attract insects. The leaves and twigs contain caffeine, and American Indians used them to prepare a tea, which they drank in large quantities ceremonially and then vomited back up, hence the species name. Picturesque and providing excellent year-round interest, Yaupon is a popular landscape plant often trimmed into an evergreen hedge. The fruiting branches are popular Christmas decorations. Both a male and female plant are needed to produce the attractive red berries.

  • Grows up to 10-20 ft. tall (300-600 cm) and 8-12 ft. wide (240-360 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is best grown in average, medium to wet soils. Tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions, including dry soils, acid to alkaline soils. Protect plants from desiccating winter sun and winds. Tolerates salt spray.
  • Perfect as a hedge, screen, windbreak or topiary. The red fruited-branches make lovely home decorations.
  • Keep an eye out for holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly, scale, leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot and powdery mildew.
  • Prune in winter if needed. Promptly remove root suckers unless naturalization is desired.
  • Propagate by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings. Seeds germinate best if planted immediately after collection. Semi-hardwood cuttings taken in late fall can be made to root.
  • Native to the southeastern United States (from Virginia to Florida, Arkansas and Texas.), Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Ilex - Hollies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spread 8' – 12' (240cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

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Alabama Extension (Flickr), Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Ilex - Hollies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spread 8' – 12' (240cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Ilex - Hollies

Guides with Ilex - Hollies

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