Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rosa canina (Dog Rose)

Dog Rose, Bird Briar, Briar Rose, Buckieberries, Canker, Cankerberry, Canker Flower, Canker Rose, Cat Whin, Choop Tree, Common Brier, Dog Briar, Dog Brier, Hep Briar, Hep Rose, Hep Tree, Wild Roses, Shrub Roses


Tough and fast growing, Rosa canina (Dog Rose) is a vigorous, scrambling, deciduous shrub with multiple arching stems covered with stout, curved thorns and pinnately divided, serrated, mid-green leaves. In late spring to midsummer, lightly scented, pink-flushed, white flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), are produced at the end of the branches, either solitary or in small clusters. They are followed by abundant, glossy, bright red fruits that persist for several months - unless hungry birds happily feast on them. Tolerant and undemanding, Dog Rose is a lovely addition to a wildlife garden and makes an informal and impenetrable hedge, thanks to its prickly stems.

  • Grows up to 3-15 ft. tall and wide (90-450 cm). Rosa canina reproduces sexually by seed, and vegetatively by suckering and layering.
  • Best grown in full sun, in humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of poor soils. For best flowering, apply a balanced fertilizer and mulch in late winter or early spring.
  • Perfect for cottage gardens, wildflower meadows.
  • Watch for rose rust and powdery mildews. May be affected by aphids, leafhoppers, glasshouse red spider mite, scale insects, caterpillars and rose leaf-rolling sawfly
  • Attractive to pollinating insects, butterflies and birds
  • Propagate by hardwood cuttings in autumn.
  • Native to Europe, North Africa, Southwestern Asia. Planted in landscaped settings in the U.S. and Canada, this Eurasian species has escaped cultivated gardens and become problematic in natural areas. Areas invaded with Dog Roses can become dominated by the plant, resulting in a decline in native plant species and other desirable vegetation. Gardeners should consider its invasive nature before planting.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.
  • Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosa - Shrub Roses, Rosa - Roses
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spread 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spacing 144" (360cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rosa - Shrub Roses

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rosa - Roses

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By snowturtle, Yanas, Jiri Vaclavek, shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosa - Shrub Roses, Rosa - Roses
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spread 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Spacing 144" (360cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rosa - Shrub Roses

Guides with Rosa - Shrub Roses

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rosa - Roses

Guides with Rosa - Roses

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