Create Your Garden

Rudbeckia occidentalis (Western Coneflower)

Western Coneflower

Rudbeckia occidentalis, Western Coneflower, late summer perennial, golden flowers, yellow perennial
Rudbeckia occidentalis, Western Coneflower, late summer perennial, golden flowers, yellow perennial

Rudbeckia occidentalis (Western Coneflower) is an erect, clump-forming perennial with a thick, rigid, mostly unbranched stem clad with ovate, leaves with pointed tips and irregularly toothed edges. In early summer to fall, it is topped with one or more purplish-brown central cones, 2 in. long (5 cm), ringed with yellow pollen and subtended by leafy bracts radiating outward from the cone bases. There are no true ray florets. The plant is particularly favored by bees, who gather significant amounts of nectar. Native to moist mountain meadows, seeps and streambanks, typically at elevations from 4000 to 9000 feet, in the western United States, Western Coneflower is a striking addition to perennial borders, native gardens, cut flower gardens, wildflower meadows and prairies.

  • Grows up to 2-6 ft. tall (60-180 cm) and 1-2 ft. wide (30-60 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun in average, consistently moist, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Great candidate for borders, cottage gardens, native plant gardens, meadows or mass plantings. Good cut flower too!
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for powdery mildew, slugs and snails. Deer resistant.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to promote new bloom.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to the northwestern United States from Washington to northern California and east to Wyoming and Montana.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 10
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Rudbeckia
Common names Coneflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Utah, Wyoming
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Rudbeckia
Guides with
Rudbeckia
Not sure which Rudbeckia to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Goldilocks’ (Black-Eyed Susan)
Rudbeckia hirta ‘Irish Eyes’ (Black-Eyed Susan)
Rudbeckia triloba ‘Blackjack Gold’ (Brown-Eyed Susan)
Rudbeckia fulgida ‘American Gold Rush’ (Black-Eyed Susan)
Rudbeckia maxima (Giant Coneflower)
Rudbeckia hirta ‘Amarillo Gold’ (Black-Eyed Susan)

Recommended Companion Plants

Achillea ‘Walther Funcke’ (Yarrow)
Sedum ‘Matrona’ (Stonecrop)
Phlomis russeliana (Jerusalem Sage)
Monarda ‘Scorpion’ (Bee Balm)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

20 Spring Wildflowers to Create a Dazzling Garden
How to Create an Enchanting Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
6 Reasons You Should Create a Butterfly Garden
25 Types of Daisies You Should Grow
Best Annual Flowers For Your Vegetable Garden
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)
Rudbeckia fulgida (Black-Eyed Susan)
Black-Eyed Susan: Plant Care and Growing Guide
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 10
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Rudbeckia
Common names Coneflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana, Utah, Wyoming
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Rudbeckia
Guides with
Rudbeckia
Not sure which Rudbeckia to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Rudbeckia occidentalis (Western Coneflower) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Rudbeckia occidentalis (Western Coneflower) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone