Alphabetical Plant Listing

Salix caprea (Pussy Willow)

Pussy Willow, Goat Willow, French Pussy Willow, Pink Pussy Willow, Florist's Willow, Great Sallow, Kilmarnock Willow, Northamptonshire Palm, Palm Willow, Sallow, Sally


Salix caprea (Pussy Willow) is a rounded large shrub or small deciduous tree boasting broadly elliptic dark green leaves adorned with a felty coating of fine gray hairs underneath. Before the foliage emerges in late winter or early spring, male trees produce a showy display of fat, silky, pinkish gray catkins, 1-2 in. long (2-5 cm), which become yellow when ripe with pollen. Female trees produce longer green catkins. This willow is among the first flowering plants in the spring, the catkins providing a high quantity of pollen and nectar as a food source, to bees, insects or birds. Pussy Willow can be used as a windbreak and hedge. In early spring, its flowering branches are in high demand.

  • Grows up to 12-25 ft. tall (3-8 m) and 12-15 ft. wide (3-5 m). May be cut to the ground every 3-5 years to keep a smaller shrub size.
  • Performs best in full sun in moderately fertile, medium to wet, well-drained soils. Thrives in moist soils, but tolerates somewhat drier soils better than most other willows.
  • Easy to grow, easy to care for and deer tolerant. Keep an eye out for aphids, caterpillars, leaf beetles, sawflies, willow anthracnose diseases and a rust.
  • Propagate by softwood or hardwood cuttings.
  • Prune as needed in late winter to early spring.
  • Native from Europe to northeastern Asia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Salix - Willows
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 12' – 25' (3.6m – 7.5m)
Spread 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams

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By Wut_Moppie, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 6 – 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Salix - Willows
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 12' – 25' (3.6m – 7.5m)
Spread 12' – 15' (3.6m – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Ponds and Streams

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Salix - Willows

Guides with Salix - Willows

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