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Toxicoscordion fremontii (Fremont’s Star Lily)

Death Camas, Fremont's Death-Camas, Fremont's Deathcamas, Fremont's Star Lily, Starlily, Chaparral Zygadene, Zigadenus fremontii

Toxicoscordion fremontii, Death Camas, Fremont's Death-Camas, Fremont's Deathcamas, Fremont's Star Lily, Starlily, Chaparral Zygadene, Zigadenus fremontii, California Native Plants, Oregon Native Plants
Toxicoscordion fremontii, Death Camas, Fremont's Death-Camas, Fremont's Deathcamas, Fremont's Star Lily, Starlily, Chaparral Zygadene, Zigadenus fremontii, California Native Plants, Oregon Native Plants
Toxicoscordion fremontii, Death Camas, Fremont's Death-Camas, Fremont's Deathcamas, Fremont's Star Lily, Starlily, Chaparral Zygadene, Zigadenus fremontii, California Native Plants, Oregon Native Plants

Toxicoscordion fremontii (Fremont’s Star Lily) is a showy perennial that produces an attractive spike of cream colored flowers in early spring to early summer. Born in a branched cluster at the top of a single stem, the flowers, up to 20 per cluster, feature 6 white or cream tepals with conspicuous parallel veins and bright greenish-yellow glands near their center. The flowers give way to green capsules, maturing to a straw color, and containing less than a dozen flattened seeds. The leaves are linear, folded, curved and smaller as they progress up the stem. Flowering is most profuse in the year following a wildfire, declining over time thereafter. Fremont’s Star Lily grows from an underground onion-like bulb. Native to California, southwestern Oregon, and northern Baja California, Toxicoscordion fremontii is a pretty wildflower found on grassy or woody slopes, or rocky outcrops. Fremont’s star lily is a pretty addition to a sunny garden as long as it is allowed to go dormant in early summer and is kept dry (no supplemental water).

  • Grows up to 24-36 in. tall (60-90 cm).
  • Easily grown in a variety of well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant.
  • Great for beds and borders, butterfly gardens.
  • Virtually disease and pest free. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed. No treatment required, but 2-3 mos. stratification may improve germination.
  • All parts, including the flowers, contain highly toxic alkaloids which can cause serious problems if ingested.
  • Native to California, southwestern Oregon, and northern Baja California.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 10
Climate Zones 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Melanthiaceae
Common names Death Camas
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Depth 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Pacific Northwest, California, Oregon
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 10
Climate Zones 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Melanthiaceae
Common names Death Camas
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Depth 4" - 6"
(10cm - 15cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Pacific Northwest, California, Oregon
Tolerance Drought, Deer
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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