Alphabetical Plant Listing

Verbesina virginica (Frostweed)

Frostweed, White Crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia Crownbeard, Indian Tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed


Tall and stately, Verbesina virginica (Frostweed) is a robust, herbaceous biennial or perennial bearing clusters of 1-7 white ray florets and 8-15 off-white disk florets with contrasting purplish-black anthers. Blooming in late summer to late fall, the blossoms are attractive to many bees, butterflies and other pollinators. They are borne atop distinctive stems with soft, fleshy green flanges running longitudinally down their length. Frostweed is noted for its habit of exuding water from its stems during times of frost. When the stems freeze, interesting ice sculptures are produced, hence the common name Frostweed. The dark green leaves are oppositely arranged, with rough surfaces and toothed margins. The dried leaves were used as tobacco by some indigenous peoples. The flowers give way to winged achenes with two small bristles at their apex. Frostweed occurs naturally in prairies, in pastures, in forest openings, along streams, and on roadsides throughout the Southeastern United States. It spreads by rhizomes and self-seeds extravagantly, forming sizable colonies over time. It is best suited for naturalizing rather than formal landscapes. It can be planted along the back of borders or as a screen along a forest edge or stream. A good food source for insects and birds, it is not favored by deer.

  • Grows up to 3-8 ft. tall (90-240 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in dry to moist, well-drained soils. Prefers moist, organic rich soils in full sun or light shade
  • Excellent choice for cottage gardens, native plant gardens, wildflower gardens, prairies and meadows.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed or root division while dormant in winter.
  • Native to the Southeastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 8' (90cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Katja Schulz, Jim Duggan, Flickr, Jim and Lynne Weber Shutterstock

 

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 8' (90cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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