Alphabetical Plant Listing

Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca)

Giant Yucca, Spineless Yucca, Yucca gigantea, Yucca guatemalensis


The tallest of the Yuccas, Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) is a large, upright succulent shrub or small tree boasting several sparsely branched trunks that thicken over time and resemble an elephant's foot. They are topped by spiral rosettes of sword-shaped, blue-green leaves that may reach 4 ft. on mature plants. The stiff, leathery, evergreen leaves are smooth and spineless, hence the common name. In summer, mature plants produce a flowering stalk, up to 3 ft. long (90 cm), that rises well above the foliage, and bears large clusters of nodding, creamy-white flowers. The blooms are edible and high in calcium and potassium and can be used in salads. Carefree and durable, Spineless Yucca makes a dramatic landscape statement. Adding vertical structure to the landscape, it is a great specimen plant for xeriscape gardens and blends well in either tropical, Mediterranean or arid gardens. It is also widely grown in containers where it rarely produces any flowers.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 15-30 ft. high (4-9 m) and 15-25 ft. wide (4-8 m).
  • Easily grown in sandy, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Drought tolerant.
  • Great for beds and borders, containers, coastal gardens or Mediterranean gardens.
  • Virtually pest and disease free, but keep an eye out for aphids or potential leaf spot. Deer and rabbit resistant
  • Pruning not normally needed, but damaged leaves and spent flower spikes can be removed as necessary in the spring.
  • Propagate by seed, sown in spring at 66-75°F (19-24°C). Flowers may need hand-pollination to set seed. Rooted suckers can be removed in spring or take root cuttings in winter.
  • Pruning not normally needed, but damaged leaves and spent flower spikes can be removed as necessary in the spring
  • Native to Mexico, Guatemala.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 10 – 12
Climate Zones 12, 13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Yucca
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 10 – 12
Climate Zones 12, 13, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Yucca
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 25' (4.5m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Yucca

Guides with Yucca

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