Alphabetical Plant Listing

Zamia pumila (Coontie)

Coontie, Florida Arrowroot, Sago Zamia, Jamaica Sago Tree, Comfort Root, Encephalartos pumilus, Palmifolium pumilum, Zamia integrifolia


Long-lived, Zamia pumila (Coontie) is a small clumping, tough, woody cycad forming terminal rosettes of stiff, evergreen, pinnate leaves up to 3 ft. long (90 cm). This primitive fern-like plant grows from a thick underground stem. Coontie is dioecious. Therefore, female plants will not produce seed without a nearby male. Mature male plants produce erect, dark reddish brown, cylindrical cones, 2-7 in. long (5-17 cm) in groups of 2 or more. Female plants produce dark reddish brown, elongate-ovoid cones in groups of 1 to 5. The female cones display fleshy, bright orange seeds when their maturing cones split open. The seeds provide food for mockingbirds, blue jays, and many other birds as well as insects and small mammals. This cycad has better cold tolerance than most. Hardy, drought tolerant, undemanding, Coontie is easy to grow and a very popular plant in cultivation. Commonly grown in tropical and subtropical areas, it makes an excellent accent or specimen plant and can be used in beachside plantings.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and 2-4 ft. wide (60-120 cm).
  • Easily grown in dry, sandy or sandy loam, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Drought tolerant once established. Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
  • Great as a groundcover, foundation plant, specimen shrub or mass planting in borders.
  • No serious disease or pest issues.
  • Propagate by seed or root division. Cleaned seeds should be spread on the ground and covered with a thin layer of leaves or soil. After sprouting in 6 weeks, the plants can be transferred to pots.
  • The roots of Coontie are toxic when taken internally, without sufficient preparation.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Endemic to central and southern Florida, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Haiti and maybe Cuba.

Not sure which Palms - Cycads to pick?
Compare All Palms - Cycads

Buy Zamia pumila (Coontie)

Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Plant Type Palms - Cycads
Plant Family Palms - Cycads
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spacing 24" – 48" (60cm – 120cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida, Georgia
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads


Holly Guerrio, Sunflower Shots, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Plant Type Palms - Cycads
Plant Family Palms - Cycads
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spacing 24" – 48" (60cm – 120cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida, Georgia
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads

Plant Calculator

How many Zamia pumila (Coontie) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Zamia pumila (Coontie)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.