Which Birch to Choose for my Garden?

Betula, Birches, Betula pendula, Betula utilis, Betula utilis var. jacquemontii, Betula ermanii, Betula dahurica, Betula albosinensis, Betula nigra

  • Betula, Birches, Betula pendula, Betula utilis, Betula utilis var. jacquemontii, Betula ermanii, Betula dahurica, Betula albosinensis, Betula nigra, River birch, Chinese birch, White birch, Paper birch, Chinese red birch,

Few trees are more spectacular in winter than birches (Betula). Tall, slender and elegant, they lavishly exhibit their peeling bark in a rich display of stark white, salmon-pink, copper, cinnamon-red or glistening chestnut brown. A most welcomed sight during the dreary winter months! Birches are also wonderful in the spring and summer as their graceful, airy crowns are draped with catkins and their small pointed leaves rustle in the slightest breeze. Fall brings glorious golden shades to their foliage before it sheds to the ground. Impervious to cold and wet, easy to grow, low maintenance and deer resistant, birches are terrific additions to the landscape. Often grown as specimen trees, they look spectacular when planted in groups of three or more.

Main Birch Varieties in our Landscapes

With over 60 known species and a profusion of cultivars, Betula is a large family of deciduous trees and shrubs. The species below are those most frequently grown in our gardens.


jamescade / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 2 – 9  
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, A1, A2
Plant TypeTrees
Plant FamilyBetula - Birches
ExposureFull Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Water NeedsAverage
MaintenanceLow
Soil TypeChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil DrainageMoist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
CharacteristicsShowy
ToleranceDeer, Drought, Rabbit
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

Compare All Betula - Birches

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Betula - Birches

Guides with Betula - Birches


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