Create Your Garden

Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry)

Downy Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Service-Tree, Sarvis-Tree, Amelanchier Tree

Amelanchier arborea, Downy Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Service-Tree, Sarvis-Tree, Amelanchier Tree, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries
Amelanchier lamarckii, Juneberry, Snowy Mespilus, Amelanchier botryapium, Amelanchier canadensis, Amelanchier laevis, Shrub, Fall color, Shrub with berries

Early-flowering, Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree of rounded habit boasting a profusion of 5-petaled, showy, slightly fragrant, white flowers in early to mid-spring. Borne in drooping clusters, they appear before the leaves emerge. They are attractive to pollinators and followed by small, round, tasty, dark purplish-black berries in early summer. Resembling blueberries in size and color, they taste like those of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and are often used in jams, jellies, and pies if not eaten by the birds.

Serviceberry trees are a beacon for a diverse array of bird species, notably the American Robin, Baltimore Oriole, Cedar Waxwing, Eastern Bluebird, Mourning Dove, Northern Cardinal, Northern Mockingbird, and various warblers. With their nutritious berries and welcoming branches, serviceberries provide vital sustenance and habitat.

The foliage of finely-toothed, obovate leaves emerges covered with soft, woolly hairs that disappear as the leaves mature (hence the common name). Rich green in summer, the leaves, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), turn fiery shades of yellow, orange, apricot, or dusty red in the fall. The smooth, gray bark is streaked with longitudinal fissures and provides an excellent effect in winter. Native to eastern North America, Downy Serviceberry grows on a variety of sites, from swampy lowlands to dry woods and sandy bluffs. It also grows on rocky ridges, forest edges, and open woodlands and fields. Very easy to grow, Downy Serviceberry provides year-round interest in the garden and is most effective in naturalistic plantings and along wood edges, ponds, and streams.

  • Grows up to 15-25 ft. tall and wide (4-8 m).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in moist to dry, well-drained, acidic soils. Best berry production and fall color occur in full sun. Tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils, including loamy, sandy, or rocky.
  • Low maintenance, this plant is also generally pest and disease free, but keep an eye out for fire blight.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant or shrub borders. Great in naturalized or native plant gardens and along ponds and streams.
  • Propagate by seed and semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Native to eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Amelanchier
Common names Serviceberry, Juneberry, Downy Serviceberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spread 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spacing 180" - 300"
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, New York, Maine, New Jersey, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, Northeast, Kansas, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Nebraska, Missouri, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Florida, Arkansas, Kentucky, Georgia, West Virginia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Birds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Ponds And Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Amelanchier (Serviceberry) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’ (Serviceberry)
Amelanchier utahensis (Utah Serviceberry)
Amelanchier stolonifera (Running Serviceberry)
Amelanchier ovalis (Snowy Mespilus)
Amelanchier lamarckii (Juneberry)
Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny Serviceberry)

Recommended Companion Plants

Mertensia virginica (Virginian Bluebells)
Tulips
Narcissi (Daffodils)
Trillium
Azalea and Rhododendron
Hakonechloa macra (Hakone Grass)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Small Trees and Shrubs That Attract Birds
Roots of Life: Exploring the Diverse World of Trees
35 Best Flowering Trees for a Spectacular Garden Display
Small Trees, Big Impact: Maximize Your Garden’s Potential
Spectacular Trees for Vibrant Fall Colors: A Gardener’s Guide
Pure White Flowers for a Touch of Elegance in Your Garden
Choosing Your Ideal Hedge: A Guide to Top Shrubs for Any Garden
35 Flowering Shrubs That Thrive in Full Sun
How to Create an Enchanting Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
6 Reasons You Should Create a Butterfly Garden
Amelanchier (Serviceberry)
For the Love of Bees: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
Trees with Four Seasons of Interest for Your Garden
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Amelanchier
Common names Serviceberry, Juneberry, Downy Serviceberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spread 15' - 25'
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Spacing 180" - 300"
(4.6m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Maryland, New York, Maine, New Jersey, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, Northeast, Kansas, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Nebraska, Missouri, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Florida, Arkansas, Kentucky, Georgia, West Virginia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Birds, Bees
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Ponds And Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Amelanchier (Serviceberry) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone