Alphabetical Plant Listing

Baptisia bracteata (Cream Wild Indigo)

Plains Wild Indigo, Longbract Wild Indigo, False Indigo, Cream Wild Indigo


One of the earliest plants to bloom in the prairie, Baptisia bracteata (Cream Wild Indigo) is an upright perennial with arching, almost weeping stems clad with alternate, trifoliate leaves. In late spring to early summer, it boasts long spikes of pea-shaped, creamy white flowers, resembling Lupines. They last for about three weeks and are visited my numerous bees, bumble bees, butterflies and skippers. When the flowers fade away, the lovely gray-green, trifoliate leaves remain neat and form a lovely backdrop for the other perennials in the garden. If left untrimmed, the plant forms interesting inflated seedpods turning deep black in the fall. They often remain attached to the naked winter stems and are valued additions to dried flower arrangements. Looking good with almost everything, Cream Wild Indigo prefers open areas where there is reduced competition from taller vegetation. It makes a striking specimen for the small garden where an easy-to-grow, long-lived plant is desired.

  • Grows up to 24-30 in. tall and wide (60-120 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Tolerates partial shade but full sun is preferred. Tolerates poor soils and drought. No supplemental water needed once established.
  • Do not disturb once established as it develops a deep taproot that is easily damaged if you try to transplant it.
  • Looks stunning in beds and borders, cottage gardens, prairies or meadows and native plant gardens. Great as a specimen plant or in small groups.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by seed sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame.
  • The plant is potentially toxic.
  • Native to the central and eastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Baptisia - False Indigo
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 30" – 36" (75cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Baptisia - False Indigo


Photos courtesy of 123rf, Missouri Botanical Garden

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Baptisia - False Indigo
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 30" – 36" (75cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Baptisia - False Indigo

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