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Baptisia sphaerocarpa (Yellow Wild Indigo)

Bush Pea, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria, Baptisia viridis

Baptisia sphaerocarpa, Bush Pea, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria, Baptisia viridis, Yellow flowers, Yellow perennials

Noted for its exuberant yellow flowers, Baptisia sphaerocarpa (Yellow Wild Indigo) is an upright perennial with a long season of interest. From spring to early summer, this southern United States native bears long spikes of pea-shaped, brilliant yellow flowers, resembling Lupines. They last for about three weeks and attract butterflies and bees. When the flowers fade away, the lovely blue-green, trifoliate leaves remain neat and form a lovely backdrop for the other perennials in the garden. If left untrimmed, the plant forms interesting inflated seedpods turning tan to brown in the fall. They often remain attached to the naked winter stems and are valued additions to dried flower arrangements. Looking good with almost everything, Yellow Wild Indigo is a striking specimen for the small garden where an easy-to-grow, long-lived plant is desired.

  • Grows up to 24-36 in. tall and wide (60-90 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Tolerates light shade, but full sun is preferred. Tolerates poor soils and drought. Do not disturb once established as it develops a deep taproot that is easily damaged if you try to transplant it.
  • Looks stunning in beds and borders, cottage gardens, prairies or meadows, and native plant gardens. Great as a specimen plant or in small groups.
  • Not susceptible to pest or disease issues, deer resistant.
  • Trimming foliage after bloom helps maintain a rounded plant appearance, but you will miss out on the attractive seed pods which are great to use in dried flower arrangements.
  • Yellow Wild Indigo is slightly toxic to livestock if eaten in large amounts.
  • Native to the south-central United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Leguminosae
Genus Baptisia
Common names Wild Indigo
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 30" - 36"
(80cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Baptisia (False Indigo)
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Baptisia bracteata (Cream Wild Indigo)
Baptisia alba (White Wild Indigo)
Baptisia ‘Vanilla Cream’ (False Indigo)
Baptisia ‘Dutch Chocolate’ (False Indigo)
Baptisia ‘Lemon Meringue’ (False Indigo)
Baptisia ‘Dark Chocolate’ (False Indigo)

Recommended Companion Plants

Cotinus coggygria ‘Velvet Cloak’ (Smokebush)
Anchusa azurea (Italian Bugloss)
Aquilegia chrysantha (Golden Columbine)
Crambe maritima (Sea Kale)
Geranium sanguineum (Bloody Cranesbill)
Narcissus ‘Jetfire’ (Cyclamineus Daffodil)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Leguminosae
Genus Baptisia
Common names Wild Indigo
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 30" - 36"
(80cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Baptisia (False Indigo)
Not sure which Baptisia (False Indigo) to pick?
Compare Now

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