Create Your Garden

Browallia speciosa (Sapphire Flower)

Amethyst Flower, Browallia, Bush Violet, Lovely Browallia, Sapphire Flower

Browallia speciosa, Sapphire Flower, Amethyst Flower, Browallia, Bush Violet, Lovely Browallia

What is Browallia speciosa?

Browallia speciosa, commonly known as bush violet or amethyst flower, is a beautiful perennial plant, often grown as an annual. It is native to South America and is a member of the Solanaceae family, which includes other well-known plants like tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers.

Description: Browallia speciosa has a bushy, compact growth habit with dark green, ovate leaves. Its flowers are tubular and have five petals, resembling a star shape. They give the plant an attractive appearance.

Growth habit: The plant has a mounding growth habit and typically grows to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm) with a similar spread.

Flowers: The tubular, star-shaped flowers come in shades of blue, violet, and white and have a delicate, sweet fragrance.

Blooming season: Browallia speciosa blooms from early summer to the first frost in fall, providing a long-lasting display of color.

Hardiness: It is an annual plant and is not frost-tolerant. In warmer climates (USDA zones 10 and 11), it may be grown as a short-lived perennial.

Uses: Browallia speciosa is ideal for use in hanging baskets, window boxes, containers or as a bedding plant in garden borders. It can also be used as a houseplant in bright, indirect light.

Toxicity: The Sapphire Flower is toxic to cats and dogs if ingested. Symptoms of poisoning include excessive drooling, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, slow heart rate, and death sometimes may occur.

Why Should I Grow Browallia speciosa?

There are several reasons why you should consider growing Browallia speciosa in your garden or as a houseplant:

Attractive flowers: Browallia speciosa produces beautiful, star-shaped flowers which can add a pop of color to your garden or indoor space.

Shade tolerance: This plant thrives in partial to full shade, making it an excellent choice for areas in your garden where other sun-loving plants might struggle. It can also brighten up indoor spaces that receive low to moderate light.

Long blooming season: Browallia speciosa blooms from early summer until the first frost in fall, providing a long-lasting display of color in your garden or home.

Pollinator attraction: The plant’s flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds, contributing to a healthy and diverse ecosystem in your garden.

Versatility: Browallia speciosa can be used in various settings, including hanging baskets, window boxes, containers, garden borders, and as a houseplant. This flexibility allows you to incorporate it into different areas of your garden or home.

Low maintenance: This plant is relatively easy to care for, requiring minimal pruning and maintenance. It is also generally free of pests and diseases, making it a low-maintenance option for busy gardeners.

By growing Browallia speciosa, you can enjoy its beautiful flowers, support pollinators, and add color to shaded areas in your garden or home.

When to Plant Browallia speciosa?

Browallia speciosa can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your region. Transplant the seedlings outdoors after the danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed up.

Where to Plant Browallia speciosa?

Sunlight: This plant thrives in partially shaded to fully shaded areas, making it an excellent choice for gardens or landscapes with limited sunlight. Plant Browallia speciosa in partial to full shade. It can tolerate some morning sun but should be protected from harsh afternoon sunlight.

Soil: Browallia speciosa prefers well-draining, fertile soil with a slightly acidic pH of 6.0-6.5. Amend the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve fertility and drainage.

Placement: It can be grown in garden borders, hanging baskets, window boxes, or containers, and even as an indoor plant.

How to Plant Browallia speciosa?

Start seeds indoors: Begin by sowing seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Fill seed trays or small pots with a high-quality, well-draining seed-starting mix. Lightly press the seeds into the soil surface but do not cover them, as they need light to germinate. Moisten the soil and keep it evenly damp throughout the germination period.

Provide light and warmth: Place the seed trays or pots in a bright, warm location with temperatures between 70-75°F (21-24°C). A grow light can be helpful in providing adequate light for germination and early growth. Germination usually occurs within 14-21 days.

Transplant seedlings: Once the seedlings have developed at least two sets of true leaves and the danger of frost has passed, they can be transplanted outdoors. Gradually acclimate the seedlings to outdoor conditions by setting them outside for a few hours each day, increasing the duration over a week.

Choose the planting site: Select a location with partial to full shade, as Browallia speciosa prefers protection from intense sunlight. Ensure the area has well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.

Prepare the soil: Amend the planting site with compost or well-rotted manure to improve fertility and drainage. If necessary, adjust the soil pH to slightly acidic levels (6.0-6.5) for optimal growth.

Planting: Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the seedling. Gently remove the seedling from its container, being careful not to damage the roots. Place the seedling in the hole at the same depth it was in its container, and gently fill in the soil around the roots. Press the soil down lightly to ensure good contact and remove any air pockets.

Watering: Water the newly planted seedlings thoroughly to settle the soil around the roots.

Care

Caring for Browallia speciosa involves providing the right growing conditions and proper maintenance to ensure healthy growth and abundant flowering. Here are some tips for taking care of Browallia speciosa:

Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water the plants when the top inch of the soil feels dry. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot.

Fertilizing: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at planting time or use a liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season to encourage healthy growth and abundant flowering. Be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowers.

Pruning: Pinch back the tips of young Browallia speciosa plants to encourage bushier growth and more flowers. Deadhead spent blooms regularly to prolong the flowering season and maintain the plant’s neat appearance.

Mulching: Apply a 2-3 inch (5-7.5 cm) layer of organic mulch, such as shredded bark, compost, or leaves, around the base of the plants. This will help retain moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.

Pest and disease control: Browallia speciosa is relatively pest- and disease-free. However, monitor the plants for signs of common garden pests, such as aphidsthrips, spider mites, leafhoppers, or whiteflies, and treat them with insecticidal soap or neem oil as needed. If fungal diseases like powdery mildew or leaf spot occur, remove affected foliage, improve air circulation, and apply a fungicide if necessary.

Overwintering: In cooler climates where Browallia speciosa is grown as an annual, you can take cuttings in late summer or early fall and root them indoors to enjoy as houseplants during the winter. In warmer climates (USDA zones 10 and 11), the plants may survive the winter as short-lived perennials. In this case, cut back any frost-damaged growth in spring and apply a balanced fertilizer to encourage new growth.

By following these care tips, you can ensure that your Browallia speciosa plants remain healthy, vibrant, and full of blooms throughout the growing season.

Requirements

Hardiness 10 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 17, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Houseplants, Annuals, Perennials
Plant Family Solanaceae
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hanging Baskets, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 10 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 17, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Houseplants, Annuals, Perennials
Plant Family Solanaceae
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hanging Baskets, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Browallia speciosa (Sapphire Flower) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Browallia speciosa (Sapphire Flower) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone