Alphabetical Plant Listing

Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

Chicory, Blue Sailors, Barbe de Capucin, Blue Dandelion, Bunk, Coffee Weed, French Endive, Succory, Witloof, Whitloof


Cichorium intybus (Chicory) is a taprooted perennial herb which produces erect, hollow, nearly leafless stems adorned with a profusion of clear sky blue flowers (sometimes pink or white), 1 in. across (2.5 cm). Blooming for months from late spring to fall, the attractive blossoms are stalkless and are distributed along the stems. They usually open in the morning and close later in the day. They rise above a rosette of oblong leaves, shallowly toothed or deeply dissected, covered with rough hairs. Resembling a dandelion, Cichorium intybus has a large, fleshy taproot which exudes a milky sap when cut. Chicory has a long history of herbal use and has been cultivated for centuries for its leaves or thick roots. While the young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked, the roots are used as a coffee substitute or in seasoning soups, sauces and gravies. This plant can be weedy and is an invasive species in several states in the USA.

  • Grows up to 2-4 ft. tall (60-120 cm) and 1-2 ft. wide (30-60 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soil. Some drought tolerance once established.
  • Good choice for cottage gardens or naturalized areas.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for snails, slugs and cutworms.
  • Propagate by seed, in containers in a cold frame in autumn or spring.
  • This plant is listed as a noxious weed on the “List C” itemized on the Colorado Noxious Weed Act which specifies that this plant must be either eradicated, contained or suppressed depending on location in the State.
  • Native to Europe, western Asia, northern Africa.

Buy Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants


123rf

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

Plant Calculator

How many Cichorium intybus (Chicory) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Cichorium intybus (Chicory)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.