Alphabetical Plant Listing

Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush)

Brittlebush, Brittle Bush, Goldhills, Incienso, Encelia farinosa var. farinosa, Encelia farinosa var. phenicodonta, Encelia farinosa var. radians


Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush) is a medium-sized rounded shrub with brittle branches bearing long, oval, hairy leaves. Pale green in early spring, the foliage becomes velvety-white by summer. The sunnier and dryer, the whiter the leaves. Blooming in loosely branched clusters, a profusion of bright yellow daisy-like flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), are carried on long stalks and hover well above the leafy stems. Rich in nectar, they attract bees and butterflies. Small birds are attracted to the seed heads. Both leaves and flowers are formed whenever the water relations are favorable. This can occur any time from November through May. Under extreme drought conditions Brittlebush becomes dormant and the leaves are shed. A deep soak every few months is enough to cause a flush of blooms. Native to the southwestern U.S., Brittlebush is quite a sight to behold when it erupts with its splashy, brilliant yellow blossoms. Requiring only minimal care to look its best, Encelia farinosa is a great choice for mixed borders or perennial beds in water-wise gardens. Its stems exude a fragrant resin that was used as incense in the churches of Baja California, hence the common name of incienso.

  • Grows up to 2-4 ft. tall and wide (60-120 cm). Will reseed in the garden.
  • Performs best in full sun, in sandy, rocky, well-drained soils. Water once a month in summer after the first year. It is drought tolerant.
  • Great for banks and slopes (erosion control), native gardens, foundation plantings, desert restoration projects, desert flower gardens or as a flowering accent.
  • Generally pest and disease free. Root rot may occur in poorly drained soil.
  • Cut back to near ground level in late spring.
  • Propagate by seed or tip cuttings.
  • Native to Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Utah.

Buy Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush)

Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Climate Zones 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Winter
Height 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spread 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spacing 48" (120cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Rocky Mountains, Utah, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

Buy Plants


By Joe Decruyenaere, Flickr, Ralph Eshelman, Mark Skalny, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 11
Climate Zones 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Winter
Height 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spread 2' – 4' (60cm – 120cm)
Spacing 48" (120cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Rocky Mountains, Utah, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

Plant Calculator

How many Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.