Alphabetical Plant Listing

Euonymus fortunei (Wintercreeper)

Wintercreeper, Chinese Spindle Tree, Climbing Euonymus, Gaiety, Winter Creeper


Euonymus fortunei (Wintercreeper) is a fast-growing, evergreen shrub, vine or groundcover of variable size. It can grow as a woody, clinging vine climbing to 40-70 ft. (12-21m) with the support of aerial roots, or it can form a dense groundcover or low shrub. The foliage is variable in color and size. The ovate-elliptic, finely toothed leaves, 1-3 in. long (2-7 cm), can be dark green, variegated or with purplish lower surfaces. A few tiny, inconspicuous, greenish flowers are produced in early summer. They are followed by long lasting, small berries that are eaten by birds. Native to Asia, Wintercreeper adds four season color in the landscape and has long been cultivated as an ornamental plant in China and Japan. It has also been widely used as an ornamental plant in temperate and sub-tropical regions around the world. Wintercreeper spreads both by creeping stems which root where they touch the ground, and by animal or water dispersed seeds. It has been reported to be invasive in natural areas in most of eastern North America. Over 50 cultivars are currently available. They should be used with care as they are considered invasive in some locations.

  • Grows up to 2-10 ft. tall and wide (60-300 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Grow in full sun if your soil is moisture retentive. Tolerates a wide range of soils excluding boggy and wet soils.
  • Extremely versatile, Euonymus fortunei may be used as a trailing ground cover, a low hedge, massed on slopes to control erosion or as a foundation plant. With support, it will climb vigorously and is ideal trained against a shady wall.
  • Watch for Euonymus scale, anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot, mildew and aphids.
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.
  • Euonymus fortunei species is native to China, Japan, and Korea.
  • Find where Euonymus fortunei species is invasive in the United States.
  • Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 2 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 2' – 10' (60cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 10' (60cm – 3m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 2 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Euonymus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 2' – 10' (60cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 10' (60cm – 3m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Euonymus

Guides with Euonymus

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