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Malus coronaria (American Crabapple)

American Crabapple, American Crab Apple, Sweet Crabapple, Malus bracteata, Malus coronaria var. coronaria, Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Malus coronaria var. elongata, Malus coronaria var. lancifolia, Malus glabrata, Malus glaucescens, Malus lancifolia, Pyrus bracteata, Pyrus coronaria, Pyrus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Pyrus coronaria var. elongata, Pyrus coronaria var. lancifolia, Pyrus glaucescens, Pyrus lancifolia

Malus coronaria, American Crabapple, American Crab Apple, Sweet Crabapple, Fragrant Tree, Red fruit, red berries, Winter fruits, White flowers, Pink Flowers

Native to North America, Malus coronaria (American Crabapple) is a deciduous tree with a short, often crooked trunk and a wide-spreading irregular crown. In late spring or early summer, its usually thorny branches are covered with pretty clusters of 2-6 pleasantly scented, white flowers tinged with rose, up to 2 in. across (5 cm). The blossoms are followed by non-showy, smooth and waxy, greenish-yellow fruits, 1 in. wide (2.5 cm). Attractive to birds, they are slightly juicy and sour-tasting and can be made into preserves and cider. The foliage of ovate, coarsely toothed leaves is glabrous on the undersurface when mature. The bark is usually reddish gray-brown, rough-textured, and covered with longitudinal scales that often curve. This small tree is quite attractive during the spring when its relatively large flowers are in bloom. Wildlife uses this tree as a food source, cover, and nesting site. This flowering crabapple is subject to rust.

  • Grows up to 20-30 ft. tall and wide (6-9 m).
  • A full sun or partial sun lover, this tree is easily grown in moderately fertile, moist to dry-mesic, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant, in city gardens or cottage gardens.
  • Require only minimal pruning in late winter, to remove damaged, diseased, or misplaced growth.
  • This small tree is vulnerable to a variety of insect pests and foliar disease organisms. It should not be planted near Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red Cedar), which can spread cedar-apple rust.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Malus - Crab Apple
Common names Crab Apple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Spread 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Midwest, Northeast, Southeast, Rocky Mountains, Illinois, Kansas, Indiana, Wisconsin, Missouri, Michigan, Ohio, Louisiana, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Wyoming
Attracts Birds, Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Traditional Garden, Informal and Cottage, City and Courtyard
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Malus ioensis ‘Plena’ (Betchel’s Crabapple)
Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx ‘Charlottae’ (American Crabapple)
Malus ioensis ‘Prince Georges’ (Crabapple)
Malus x floribunda (Japanese Crabapple)
Malus ‘Purple Prince’ (Crabapple)
Malus ‘White Angel’ (Crabapple)

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Malus (Crab Apple)
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Native Plant Alternatives to Malus hupehensis (Tea Crabapple)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Malus - Crab Apple
Common names Crab Apple
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Spread 20' - 30'
(6.1m - 9.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Midwest, Northeast, Southeast, Rocky Mountains, Illinois, Kansas, Indiana, Wisconsin, Missouri, Michigan, Ohio, Louisiana, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina, Wyoming
Attracts Birds, Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Traditional Garden, Informal and Cottage, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Malus (Crab Apple)
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Malus (Crab Apple)
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