Create Your Garden

Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)

Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod

Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod, Fall perennials, Fall Flowers, Yellow flowers
Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod, Fall perennials, Fall Flowers, Yellow flowers

Blooming earlier than most goldenrod species, Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) is a tall and columnar rhizomatous perennial boasting upright central stems clad with narrowly lance-shaped leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), slightly to sharply toothed along their margins. From late summer to mid-fall, it bears broad pyramidal panicles, up to 1 ft. long (30 cm), with recurving branches packed with tiny yellow flowers. Blooming for about 4 weeks, they are attractive to bees, butterflies, and beetles. The blossoms give way to small, bullet-shaped achenes with sessile tufts of hair. Native to most of Canada and the United States, Early Goldenrod occurs naturally on stream and pond margins, floodplain woodlands, wet woods, thickets, wet prairies, and bluff bases. Early Goldenrod provides a bold splash of color in the late-season garden. Easy to grow and low care, this handsome species spreads quickly by creeping rhizomes and self-seeding to form dense colonies. It is a good choice for prairies and meadows.

  • Grows up to 3-7 ft. tall (90-210 cm) and 2-6 ft. wide (60-180 cm). Will spread fairly aggressively without becoming invasive.
  • Performs best in full sun in average, slightly acidic, moist to wet, well-drained soils. Tolerates light shade and temporary flooding during the spring.
  • A vital ingredient of late-season cottage gardens, prairies, and meadows where it adds color and texture.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to avoid self-seeding.
  • Taller plants tend to lean over when flowers are in bloom. You may want to cut back by half in early summer to reduce the height and prevent the need for staking.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for rust, powdery mildew, and leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed or division of clumps.
  • Native to North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 7'
(90cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Spacing 60" - 72"
(150cm - 180cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Maine, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Delaware, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Northeast, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Southeast, Pacific Northwest, California, Midwest, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Michigan, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Alabama, Kentucky, Florida, Arkansas, Georgia, West Virginia, Louisiana, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Virginia, Texas, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Solidago (Goldenrod)
Not sure which Solidago (Goldenrod) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Solidago bicolor (White Goldenrod)
Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)
Euthamia occidentalis (Western Goldentop)
Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod)
Solidago caesia (Wreath Goldenrod)
Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

How to Create an Enchanting Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
6 Reasons You Should Create a Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Bees: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
How to Cultivate a Thriving Bee-Friendly Garden
Solidago (Goldenrod)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 7'
(90cm - 210cm)
Spread 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Spacing 60" - 72"
(150cm - 180cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Maine, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Delaware, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Northeast, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Southeast, Pacific Northwest, California, Midwest, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Michigan, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Alabama, Kentucky, Florida, Arkansas, Georgia, West Virginia, Louisiana, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Virginia, Texas, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Solidago (Goldenrod)
Not sure which Solidago (Goldenrod) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone