Alphabetical Plant Listing

Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)

Giant Goldenrod, Smooth Goldenrod, Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Early Goldenrod


Blooming earlier than most goldenrod species, Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) is a tall and columnar rhizomatous perennial boasting upright central stems clad with narrowly lance-shaped leaves, 3-5 in. long (7-12 cm), slightly to sharply toothed along their margins. In late summer to mid fall, it bears broad pyramidal panicles, up to 1 ft. long (30 cm), with recurving branches packed with tiny yellow flowers. Blooming for about 4 weeks, they are attractive to bees, butterflies, and beetles. The blossoms give way to small, bullet-shaped achenes with sessile tufts of hair. Native to most of Canada and the United States, Early Goldenrod occurs naturally on stream and pond margins, floodplain woodlands, wet woods, thickets, wet prairies and bluff bases. Early Goldenrod provides a bold splash of color in the late season garden. Easy to grow and low care, this handsome species spreads quickly by creeping rhizomes and self-seeding to form dense colonies. It is a good choice for prairies and meadows.

  • Grows up to 3-7 ft. tall (90-210 cm) and 2-6 ft. wide (60-180 cm). Will spread fairly aggressively without becoming invasive.
  • Performs best in full sun in average, slightly acidic, moist to wet, well-drained soils.Tolerates light shade and temporary flooding during the spring.
  • Vital ingredient of late season cottage gardens, prairies and meadows where it adds color and texture.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to avoid self-seeding.
  • Taller plants tend to lean over when flowers are in bloom. You may want to cut back by half in early summer to reduce height and prevent the need for staking.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for rust, powdery mildew and leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed or division of clumps.
  • Native to North America.

Not sure which Solidago - Goldenrods to pick?
Compare All Solidago - Goldenrods

Buy Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)

Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Solidago - Goldenrods
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 7' (90cm – 210cm)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Spacing 60" – 72" (150cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Solidago - Goldenrods

Guides with Solidago - Goldenrods


By Przemyslaw Muszynski, Sergey Chirkov, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Solidago - Goldenrods
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 7' (90cm – 210cm)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Spacing 60" – 72" (150cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Solidago - Goldenrods

Guides with Solidago - Goldenrods

Plant Calculator

How many Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.