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Solidago bicolor (White Goldenrod)

White Goldenrod, Silverrod, Silver-Rod

Solidago bicolor, White Goldenrod, Silverrod, Silver-Rod, Fall perennials, Fall Flowers, White flowers
Solidago bicolor, White Goldenrod, Silverrod, Silver-Rod, Fall perennials, Fall Flowers, White flowers

Solidago bicolor (White Goldenrod) is a herbaceous perennial wildflower boasting an elongated spike of short-stalked flower heads with white to creamy-white rays surrounding a yellow central disk. Blooming in midsummer to fall, they attract butterflies, bees, and songbirds eat the seeds. The blossoms are borne atop hairy, grayish stems clad with stalked, shallowly toothed leaves, 2-4 in. long (5-10 cm), covered with a gray down. Easy to grow, low care and trouble free, White Goldenrod is the only species of Solidago with white rays found on the east coast.

  • Grows up to 1-3 ft. tall (30-90 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade, in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils. It is not fussy about soils and tolerates clay soils, dry soils or poor soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Vital ingredient of late summer and fall borders, cottage gardens, butterfly gardens.
  • Attractive to birds, bees and butterflies, it is deer resistant.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to avoid self-seeding.
  • Propagate by division.
  • Leaves and berries contain the poisonous alkaloid solanine. Although the toxic quality of the berries seems to disappear with ripening, it is best not to eat them.
  • Native to North America, Manitoba east to Nova Scotia, south to Georgia, west to Louisiana, and north to Illinois and Wisconsin.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Delaware, Connecticut, Southeast, Northeast, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, North Carolina, Louisiana, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)
Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)
Euthamia occidentalis (Western Goldentop)
Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod)
Solidago caesia (Wreath Goldenrod)
Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod)

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Solidago (Goldenrod)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 10
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Delaware, Connecticut, Southeast, Northeast, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Missouri, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, North Carolina, Louisiana, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Solidago (Goldenrod)
Not sure which Solidago (Goldenrod) to pick?
Compare Now

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