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Taxus canadensis (American Yew)

Canada Yew, American Yew, Canadian Yew, Ground Hemlock

Taxus canadensis, Canada Yew, American Yew, Canadian Yew, Ground Hemlock, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree, Dwarf Conifer

A true American native, Taxus canadensis (American Yew) is an open, sprawling evergreen shrub with spreading and ascending branches clothed with flat, narrow, dark green needles with pale green undersides. The foliage becomes reddish-brown in winter. In summer, a profusion of cup-shaped, bright red, berry-like cones are produced on female plants. Slow-growing, this Yew is perfect to stabilize soils along streams, ponds, and bogs or in mass plantings as a ground cover.

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 6-8 ft. wide (180-240 cm).
  • A partial shade lover, this plant is easily grown in humusy, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates full shade. Needs protection from winter sun and wind, heat, or drought.
  • Propagate by stem cuttings in fall or winter.
  • Most parts, especially the seeds, are highly toxic by ingestion. The taxine alkaloids contained in yew berries, needles, or bark are poisonous.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses, toxic to humans.
  • Native to central and eastern America

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 7
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Taxaceae
Genus Taxus
Common names Yew
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 6' - 8'
(180cm - 240cm)
Spacing 84" - 96"
(210cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Midwest, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Southeast, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Taxus baccata ‘Standishii’ (English Yew)
Taxus baccata ‘Repandens’ (English Yew)
Taxus baccata ‘Repens Aurea’ (English Yew)
Taxus baccata ‘David’ (English Yew)
Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’ (Irish Yew)
Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata Aurea’ (Irish Yew)

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 7
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Taxaceae
Genus Taxus
Common names Yew
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 6' - 8'
(180cm - 240cm)
Spacing 84" - 96"
(210cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Midwest, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Southeast, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Taxus (Yew)
Guides with
Taxus (Yew)
Not sure which Taxus (Yew) to pick?
Compare Now

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