Alphabetical Plant Listing

Taxus canadensis (American Yew)

Canada Yew, American Yew, Canadian Yew, Ground Hemlock


A true American native, Taxus canadensis (American Yew) is an open, sprawling evergreen shrub with spreading and ascending branches clothed with flat, narrow, dark green needles with pale green undersides. The foliage becomes reddish-brown in winter. In summer, a profusion of cup-shaped, bright red, berry-like cones are produced on female plants. Slow-growing, this Yew is perfect to stabilize soils along streams, ponds and bogs or in mass plantings as a ground cover..

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm) and 6-8 ft. wide (180-240 cm).
  • A partial shade lover, this plant is easily grown in humusy, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates full shade. Needs protection from winter sun and wind, heat or drought.
  • Propagate by stem cuttings in fall or winter.
  • Most parts, especially the seeds, are highly toxic by ingestion. The taxine alkaloids contained in yew berries, needles or bark are poisonous.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses, toxic to humans.
  • Native to central and eastern America

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Taxus - Yews
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 6' – 8' (180cm – 240cm)
Spacing 84" – 96" (210cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Aleoks, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs
Plant Family Taxus - Yews
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 6' – 8' (180cm – 240cm)
Spacing 84" – 96" (210cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Taxus - Yews

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