Garden Types / City and Courtyard
Urban space being generally limited, careful thought needs to be brought to the overall garden layout. Well appointed and designed city gardens and courtyards can provide a welcomed respite for city dwellers, becoming places for relaxation, contemplation, conversation and entertaining friends and family. Many urban designs treat these urban oases as extensions of the homes with materials often chosen to complement interior finishes. Planting tends to be minimalist, with fewer plants providing longer seasonal displays or adding architectural interest. The need for privacy is important with wall treatments, pergolas or pleached trees raising the height of boundaries. Water is a popular component of many urban gardens, either acting as a focal point or as a soothing element. Lighting is another key design element enabling owners to enjoy their garden at night too.
Award-winning Abelia 'Edward Goucher' is a compact, semi-evergreen shrub with upright, gracefully arching stems bearing glossy, oval, dark green leaves with a bronze tinge when young. In midsummer, abundant clusters of lilac-pink, funnel-shaped flowers adorn the bush until fall. Their attractive bronze-tinged calyces further enrich the display and persist well after the flowers fall.
Noted for its stable variegated foliage, award-winning Abelia x grandiflora 'Hopleys' is a compact, semi-evergreen shrub with a luminous foliage of bright green leaves adorned with buttery yellow edges in spring, gradually fading to ivory-white. The glossy oval leaves are highly decorative and turn pink in the fall. In midsummer, abundant clusters of lightly-scented, lilac-tinged white flowers adorn the bush until fall.
Changing color over the seasons, Abelia × grandiflora 'Kaleidoscope' (Glossy Abelia) is a dwarf, variegated, semi-evergreen shrub. Emerging bright yellow and lime-green in spring, its glossy oval leaves turn golden yellow in summer before taking on glowing orange and fiery red hues in fall. The leaf coloration does not burn or scorch in the hottest of weather.
Changing color over the passing seasons, Abelia × grandiflora 'Mardi Gras' (Glossy Abelia) is a compact, low growing, spreading, semi-evergreen shrub. Borne on pink to red stems, its glossy oval leaves emerge bright pink in spring, mature to sparkling creamy white and green as the season progresses before taking on coppery shades in the fall.
Vigorous, Abelia × grandiflora 'Radiance' (Glossy Abelia) is a compact, dense, semi-evergreen shrub with vivid crimson stems contrasting the white variegated foliage. Emerging medium green with creamy yellow margins in spring, the glossy oval leaves soften to silvery-green with creamy white margins as the season progresses.
Abelia × grandiflora (Glossy Abelia) is a medium-sized, rounded, semi-evergreen shrub with gracefully arching branches, densely clothed with small glossy oval, dark green leaves and clusters of pink-tinged, white, bell-shaped flowers. Slightly fragrant, the blooms are produced continuously cover a long period extending from late spring to fall. The foliage turn purplish-bronze in the fall.
Abies amabilis ‘Spreading Star’ is a low-growing, evergreen conifer forming a widely spreading mound adorned with thick, overlapping, horizontal to arching branches clothed in a lush foliage of fluffy, green, long needles with silvery undersides. Slow-growing, 3-4 in. per year (7-10 cm), this Pacific Silver Fir is a great choice for small gardens or rockeries.
Highly popular, Abies balsamea ‘Nana’ is a dwarf, aromatic, evergreen conifer of globose habit forming a broad mound with numerous short branches, adorned with a lush foliage of dark green needles radially arranged around the stems. Slow-growing, 2-3 in. per year (5-7 cm), this Balsam Fir is a great choice for small gardens or rockeries. Perfect for adding year-round color to the garden.
Abies concolor 'Archer’s Dwarf' is a dwarf evergreen conifer of regular, conical habit adorned with slightly ascending branches clothed in soft, silvery-blue, slightly incurved needles. Slow-growing, 3-4 in. per year (7-10 cm), this White Fir is a great choice for small gardens, containers or rockeries.
A deservedly popular White Fir, Abies concolor 'Compacta' is a slow-growing dwarf evergreen conifer of great beauty. It forms a dense, compact mound of irregular, spreading shape, unless it is sheared to a conical form. Its branches are beautifully clothed with long and slender, powder-blue needles
Abies concolor 'Hosta la Vista' is a dwarf evergreen conifer of globose habit, beautifully clothed with long, thick, slightly recurved, blue-green needles adorned with a glaucous, powdery coating. Slow-growing, 1-2 in. per year (2-5 cm), this small White Fir brightens up the garden and makes a lovely addition to small gardens, rockeries or containers.
Abies lasiocarpa ‘Green Globe’ is a semi-dwarf, evergreen conifer of globose habit when young, becoming conical over time, and clothed in a lush foliage of short, soft, green needles. Slow-growing, 3-6 in. per year (7-15 cm), this Alpine Fir is a great choice for foundation plantings or rockeries.
Stately and elegant, Abies nordmaniana 'Golden Spreader' is a slow-growing evergreen conifer of great beauty, particularly in the winter garden. While this dwarf Nordman fir sports a soft green color in summer and fall, its needles turn bright golden-yellow in winter.
Highly popular, Abutilon pictum 'Thompsonii' (Painted Abutilon) is a vigorous, upright, evergreen shrub or small tree bearing a profusion of showy, salmon-pink, bell-shaped flowers. Resembling Chinese lanterns, they dangle like porcelain earrings from extraordinarily long stalks. Blooming for months from spring to fall (all year long in frost free areas), they attract butterflies and hummingbirds. The variegated foliage of shiny, maple-like, dark green leaves is speckled with yellow and lines the arching branches.
Noted for its exfoliating bark and showy fall color, award-winning Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) is a small spreading deciduous tree that is highly desirable. The chestnut-brown bark of both its trunk and branches constantly peels into thin, tight curls, revealing brighter cinnamon-red wood beneath.
Incredibly popular, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree with attractive foliage and stunning fall color. Emerging bright green in spring, the palmate, almost fern-like leaves are deeply cut into 7-11 lobes. One of the most desirable features of this cultivar is its intense fall coloration, when the leaves develop brilliant scarlet and carmine tones tinged with purple. Since they persist a long time on the plant, they provide a long-lasting fall display.
Noted for its unique habit, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Green Cascade' (Full Moon Maple) is a small mounded tree of graceful, weeping or pendulous habit. Emerging rich emerald green in spring, the palmate, finely-dissected, lacylike leaves are deeply cut into 9-11 lobes. In the fall, the foliage turns brilliant shades of yellow, orange and crimson. An exceptional landscape specimen tree.
Noted for its leaves resembling those of grapes, award-winning Acer japonicum 'Vitifolium' (Full Moon Maple) is a large bushy deciduous shrub or small tree of upright habit, becoming broad and rounded with age. Emerging bronze in spring, the large, rounded, palmate leaves mature to deep green as the season progresses. In fall, they turn magnificent shades of gold, crimson and vivid scarlet before dropping, making this small, dense maple really stand out in the landscape.
Similar but much smaller than the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Aka Kawa Hime' is also a very desirable Japanese Maple. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5 lobed leaves which emerge fresh yellow-green in spring, mature to mid green in summer and warm up to attractive shades of gold, yellow and red in fall before they shed to the ground.
Noted for its remarkable bark, Acer palmatum 'Arakawa' is a vigorous deciduous tree of upright habit, adorned with a delicate foliage of palmate leaves, each adorned with 5-7 slender tipped lobes. Emerging fresh green in spring, the foliage retains its color throughout the summer before gradually changing to brilliant golden-yellow in the fall. On mature specimens (3-5 year old), the bark gets rough and corky, with creases, cracks and fissures, providing year round ornamental interest. A very interesting Japanese maple that is perfect for bonsai use and for the landscape.
Noted for its graceful foliage, Acer palmatum 'Atrolineare' (Ribbon-Leaf Japanese Maple) is a remarkable small tree of dense, upright habit. In spring, its delicate foliage of ribbon-like leaves emerges dark red, before bronzing out with green undertones as the season progresses. In the fall, the finely-textured foliage warms up to dazzling red and orange shades and stands out beautifully in the landscape. Compact, this elegant Japanese Maple is perfect as a specimen in the garden, containers or bonsai.
Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum' is a small deciduous tree of bushy habit with rich purple leaves in the spring, becoming deeper in summer. The delicate foliage holds its color throughout summer and turns brilliant scarlet in the fall. Each leaf is divided into 5-7 lobes, moderately deeply divided lobes. Vigorous, this upright maple tree stands out in the landscape and is suitable as a focal point or as the perfect foil for a mass of green in the landscape.
Similar to the highly popular 'Sango kaku', Acer palmatum 'Beni-Kawa' is noted for its glowing salmon-red bark and vibrant fall color. This deciduous shrub or small tree features a delicate foliage of 5-7 slender tipped lobed leaves which emerge rich green in spring, sometimes lightly edged with red tints.